Conscience. What does this concept mean in a person’s life? In one of the explanatory dictionaries this term is explained as follows: “Conscience is a person’s ability to independently formulate his own moral obligations and realize moral self-control, demand from oneself their fulfillment and evaluate the actions performed by it.” The accuracy and correctness of this quote is undeniable, since conscience is the most important constituent of each of the characters.
It is by conscience that a person commits all actions, and by conscience he judges the actions of other people. The problem of the role of conscience in our lives is raised by the Russian writer and public figure – Daniil Alexandrovich Granin. He cites, as an example, the case at the funeral of M. M. Zoshchenko, when all comers were silent about the writer’s being harassed, about the multiple tragedies of his life. And only Leonid Borisov, screaming angrily, asked for forgiveness
from the deceased. This case shows that people were forced to behave according to the “rules” established by party bosses. The author’s position is clear to me, Daniil Aleksandrovich is convinced that a person must act in accordance with conscience. After all, conscience is an inner voice, faithful and just, therefore actions in conscience are right and honest acts.
I agree with the author’s opinion and share his indignation over what happened in the proposed passage. In the Soviet Union, the party bosses dictated to people how they should live, and there was no question of their own opinion and actions in conscience, and people obeyed, because they had no choice. Leonid Borisov acted on conscience, because he considered himself guilty before M. M. Zoshchenko, and to be silent would have been the worst act for him, the gravity of the perfect would not have left him for a long time. The problem of conscience is well covered in the literature.
So in his novel “Crime and Punishment” FM Dostoyevsky. on the example of the heroes Luzhin and Svidrigailov, shows that selfish motives,
for the sake of career and wealth – that is, actions that are not conscience – lead to a loss of moral qualities and bitterness. Also, in the story of V. Rasputin “Live and Remember” the thought of conscience passes through the whole work through a red thread. Andrew – a man floating downstream, did what he was told: first he married, then went to serve. It said a sense of resentment against those who did not give him leave after discharge. He himself thinks that the right decision is made when he decides to go home.
It turns out that conscience is not a certain number of signs, according to which all need to live. Conscience is the inner feeling of each one of us, it is through him that we decide what we should do, with his help we evaluate actions and make decisions. Conscience is necessary for each of us. After all, if people forget about conscience, then society degrades. Conscience is the basis of morality.