The novel “Crime and Punishment” made a very strong impression on me. FM Dostoyevsky is a profound philosopher and subtle psychologist. He entered the history of Russian literature as a master of the description of the “sick soul”. One of the most interesting heroes of Dostoevsky is Rodion Romanovich Raskolnikov, a murderer, philosopher, thinker.
Impoverished by poverty, embittered by his powerlessness to help close people, Raskolnikov decides to commit a crime – the murder of a disgusting old woman-interest-holder who benefits from human suffering. Rodion desires revenge for the desecrated and disadvantaged people, for the humiliation and suffering of Sonya Marmeladova, for all those who are brought to the limit of poverty and moral torment.
Protest and indignation of Rodion against the social system is combined with his theory of “strong personality.” Contempt for society and its moral laws leads the hero to the conviction of the inevitability of a strong, powerful person, with whom “everything is permitted.” The hero decided to make a deal with his own conscience. The crime must prove to Raskolnikov himself that he is not a “trembling creature,” but “a real ruler to whom everything is permitted.”
It seems to me that the main hero’s mistake lies in the fact that he sees the cause of evil in the very nature of man, and considers the law, which gives the right to the powerful of this world to do evil, to be eternal. Instead of fighting against the immoral system and its laws, it follows them. Raskolnikov seems that he is responsible for his actions only in front of him, and the court of others is indifferent to him.
In the beginning, Rodion does not at all touch the crime he committed. He is too sure of the correctness of his
Gradually, Raskolnikov begins to analyze the reasons and give various explanations for his deed: “he wanted to become Napoleon,” he longed to help his mother, he was insane and embittered, he rebelled against everyone and everything, he tried to establish his personality. The hero begins to torment his conscience. In my opinion, this is natural. Raskolnikov violated the moral law that exists in the soul of a person from the moment of his birth. This law is immutable. Violated him waiting for the strongest moral torment, the destruction of the spiritual and physical.
In my opinion, in Raskolnikov’s theory there are thoughts that can arise only in an abnormal person. Perhaps if the theory of the hero were left on paper, it would seem only a figment of the fantasy of a sick person. But Raskolnikov began to implement it practically! He decided that the old woman-interest-holder is an “abscess that needs to be removed,” because she does not do anybody any good. Therefore, Alena Ivanovna must die, she is the “trembling creature”. But why, in that case, do innocent Lizaveta perish?
So the theory of Raskolnikov begins to gradually collapse. It is impossible to divide people only into “bad” and “good” people, and it is not a person’s business to judge others. Who is right, and who is to blame, can only decide the Lord God. You can not kill a person, even for great and good purposes. Life is the most valuable thing that we have, and no one has the right to make a verdict for her just by her own whim.
The culmination scene, where the assassin himself lists, revises and, in the final analysis, rejects all the motives of the crime – the scene of Raskolnikov’s recognition of Sonya. All the arguments of the mind, which seemed so true to him, disappear one by one. Thus, the novel “Crime and Punishment” helped me to understand: you can not come to a good through murder, even if the good is many times greater than evil. And never for anything you will escape from your conscience. This is the most terrible and fairest judge in the world.
In my opinion, anti-humane thoughts and deeds can not serve the good of humanity, no evil can be justified by the happiness of millions of others. Happiness can not be built on blood, cruelty and violence.
Raskolnikov in the novel comes to a rethinking of moral values: “Did I kill an old woman? I killed myself.” Yes, indeed, the hero killed himself, because he tried to go against his conscience. It is also remarkable that it is through the terrible agony of conscience that Raskolnikov nevertheless comes to spiritual revival.