Alexander Dumas was born in 1802 in the family of General Tom-Alexandre Dumas and Maria-Louise Laboure, who lived in the small town of Ville Cotre. His childhood, adolescence and youth Dumas spent in his hometown, and then went to Paris. Despite poverty, the family still had a good reputation and aristocratic ties, which helped twenty-year-old Alexander get a job in the Palais Royal (Paris) in the chancellery of the Duke of Orleans.
In July 1830 in France there was the July Revolution, overthrew Charles X and established the bourgeois kingdom. On the throne entered the Duke of Orleans under the name of Louis-Philippe. Alexander Dumas was among the insurgents who stormed the royal palace of the Tuileries. Subsequently, in his Memoirs, he wrote:
I saw those who committed the
From the first days of the revolution, Alexander Dumas took an active part in public life and fulfilled several important assignments of General Lafayette, then head of the national guard.
On June 5, 1832, General Lamarck was buried in Paris. Dumas was personally acquainted with him, therefore, at the request of the deceased general’s relatives, he headed a column of artillerymen following the funeral hearse. Soon the police began to disperse the crowd, but what happened was expected: the funeral procession was the beginning of a revolutionary uprising. In a few days it was brutally suppressed. One of the royalist newspapers published a false report that Alexander Dumas was captured by the police with weapons and shot the same night. In reality, this did not happen, but Dumas was threatened with arrest. On the advice of friends, he left France and went to Switzerland, where he lived for several months, preparing for publication his first historical essay “Gaul and France” (1833).
In 1840, he married actress Idea Ferrier, but continued contacts with many other women, the result of which were three illegitimate children (one of them, legalized by father Alexander son, also became a successful writer and playwright). Dumas earned a lot of money, but he always spent them on a luxurious lifestyle. He published magazines and created his own theater, and both ended unsuccessfully. In disgrace after the coup in 1851, he fled to Brussels (Belgium) from creditors.
He spent two years in Russia (1858-1859), visited St. Petersburg, the sights of Karelia, Moscow, Tsaritsyn, Transcaucasia. For three years he participated in the struggle for united Italy.
The news of the first defeats of the French during the Franco-Prussian war Dumas perceived as a personal grief. Soon he was overtaken by the first blow. Half-paralyzed, he managed to get to his son’s house, where he died.
In 2002 the dust of Dumas was transferred to the Parisian Pantheon. His works have been translated into many languages and served as material for numerous theatrical productions and movies.