Frederic Stendhal is a classic of French literature, which initiated realistic psychologism and expressed in his work the heroic spirit liberated by the era of the Great French Revolution and Napoleonic wars. Stendhal formulated his creative credo as follows: “Apply the techniques of mathematics to the human heart and put in the basis of the creative method and the language of feelings, this is all art.”
Stendhal’s life in dates and facts
January 23, 1783 – was born in Grenoble in the family of a lawyer.
1796-1799 – studied at the Central Grenoble School, which was one of the most progressive elite educational institutions.
1799 – went to Paris with the intention of continuing education in the capital, but the political upheaval that led to the young general Napoleon Bonaparte taking power in the country forced the young man to forget about his studies and join the Napoleonic army.
1800-1814 – years of military
service. As an officer, Stendhal visited Italy, took part in military operations in Austria and Germany, shared with his comrades the hardships of a campaign in Russia, during which he witnessed the famous fire in Moscow in 1812. Stendhal’s military career ended after the fall of his idol – Napoleon, to the image of which he repeatedly addressed in his work, in particular, in the books “The Life of Napoleon” and “Memories of Napoleon”, left unfinished.
1814 – the restoration of the Bourbon regime forced Stendhal to leave for Italy, to Milan, where he approached the political movement of the Carbonarians, fighters for the liberation of Italy from the power of foreign states. In the same place, Stendhal met Byron and Italian poets.
1821 – after the defeat of the Naples Revolution, the writer returned to Paris, where, as a journalist, he collaborated with various publications.
1822 – finished work on the “Treatise on Love”, in which he developed an original theory of love feelings.
1823 – published a treatise “Racine
and Shakespeare,” which became one of the most significant documents of the famous “romantic battle”.
1827 – published his first work of art – the novel “Armance: Scenes from the Life of the Paris Salon of 1827”.
1829 – saw his travel notes “Walks in Rome” and the novel “Vanina Vanini”.
1830 – created the novel “Red and Black,” which established a realistic trend in French literature. In the same year, Stendhal entered the diplomatic service and, having been appointed to the post of French consul to Italy, settled in the small seaside town of Civitavecchia.
1830-1840 years. – the period of creative take-off. During this time, from the pen of Stendhal came “Memoirs of the egoist,” the novel “Lucien Leven,” autobiographical notes “Life of Henri Brylarus,” a series of stories “Italian chronicles” and the novel “Parma monastery”, written just fifty-two days. At the end of this period, the writer took up a new novel – “Lamel.”
March 22, 1842 – died in Paris from an apoplexy stroke.