Although the flame of the popular uprising and managed to pay off, but before the changes for the better it was still far away. The country looked like a disturbed beehive. In it, uprisings of townspeople and peasants flared up, at times more formidable than Jacquerie. The English still defeated in the war. In 1415, they completely defeated the more numerous French army at Azencourt, seized the whole of northern France and entered Paris. Under the terms of the peace treaty of 1420, France and England became a single kingdom.
But these failures did not break the French people. The French already felt French, they wanted to be subjects of their king, to live in their own state, and the English were considered outsiders. They rose to the guerrilla struggle, to extinguish the flames of
The young woman Jeanne, the national heroine of France, brought to the French faith in the victory. She is considered a simple peasant woman, but she is also believed that she could have been of noble origin.
On the basis of what some historians conclude that Jeanne, most likely, an aristocrat? It is known that she did not recognize the spouses of d’Arc as her parents. She had ancestral arms and knights’ weapons, she could ride a horse, knew the games and entertainments that were common in the royal court. With the royal environment behaved at ease, as even. She was very cool. The king gave her military protection, even the right to deploy his battle flag, which no French lord could afford. But it could also be that Jeanne, having fallen into a noble entourage, was ashamed of her peasant origin and adopted noble manners. The king could surround her, his savior, with special honors, not even looking at her peasant background.
The 17-year-old Jeanne appeared in 1429 to Charles VII and persuaded him that God had commanded her to save France. To
Jeanne and her other promise fulfilled – freed Reims and ensured the coronation of the Dauphin in the Reims cathedral. Charles VII became God’s anointed, lawful, in the eyes of the French, a monarch. So, France as a state reborn! For her and the king now must fight to the death! Jeanne infused unlimited patriotism into French hearts.
1429. From the letter of Joan of Arc to the English King
You, the King of England… give to Virgo… the keys to all the good cities that you forcibly took over in France… and you all… who is under Orleans, return… to your countries, and if you are so do not do, wait for the news from the Virgin, who will soon come to you, you on the mountain. If you, the King of England, do not do so, then I take the lead in the war, and wherever your people in France are overtaken, I will force them to leave by will or not. If they do not want to obey, I will destroy them all, and if they will, I will have mercy on them. I was sent here by God, Heavenly King, as my substitute, to drive you out of all of France.
The further fate of Joan of Arc was tragic. Jeanne could not release Paris and was taken prisoner. Charles VII did not move his finger to buy it, because he was afraid of its popularity in the country. The English and the French, who supported them, arranged a trial for Janna. The judges called her a witch and a heretic. If they could prove the truthfulness of their accusations, then it would follow that Charles VII was crowned by an ally of the devil, which means that his power is illegal. Jeanne defended herself in court with courage and cleverness. And yet she was found guilty and sentenced to death “without shedding blood” – burning. On May 30, 1431, she was sent to a fire in Rouen. In 1920, the Catholic Church ranked Joan of Arc to the saints.
A few years after the burning of the Virgin of Orleans in France, a girl appeared who was called Jeanne d’Arc. When she was asked how she managed to escape, she was silent. The brothers of Joan, her military associates, many nobles recognized her as the Orleans Virgin. These facts alerted some historians who admitted that Jeanne could be replaced by another victim, arranging in Rouen “just a well-played play.” But recently in the archives found the decree of the French king to pardon some swindler, who skillfully posed as the Virgin Jeanne. So one mystery of medieval history has become less.