England demanded a colossal ransom for King John II of Good. The General States were called, as was to be the case, so that they agreed to collect the redemption amount. But the General States this time showed a character – demanded that the collection of taxes be carried out under their control and that the royal advisers be punished for the misappropriation of public funds and military failures. Dauphin such a decision of the States General outraged. Then the Prevost of Paris Etienne Marcel raised in 1358 an uprising. The Royal Palace was stormed. Dauphin left the rebellious Paris, and power in France was captured by Etienne Marcel. But this did not end there either. Taking advantage of the riots in the state, the royal throne decided to take Karl Angry – great-grandson of Philip IV the Beautiful. The French peasantry also joined the political struggle.
The peasants lived hard. “The Black Death” 1347-1350 gg. hit them hardest. The war brought many of them to ruin. The military failures of France finally undermined their confidence in the nobility. Peasants talked that the nobles, instead of defending, want to let them through the world, and that it’s time to get even with them. In 1358 in the north of France the peasants rebelled. Since the nobles scornfully called the peasants “jakami-simpletons,” this uprising was called “Jacquerie.” The rebels captured the castles, destroyed the nobles, accusing them of betraying
XIV century. From the “Chronicle” by Jean Froissart
… Some people from the villages… gathered in the vicinity of Beauvais. .. and they said that all the nobles of the kingdom of France, knights and squires, disgraced and betrayed the kingdom and that it would be a great boon to kill them all… They ravaged several castles and rich houses. The number of them grew, and now there are six thousand of them. And wherever they came, their number increased, for the like of them joined them… The vile people, united in a horde without a military leader and without armor, robbed and burned everything around and killed, and repulsed violence against many ladies and innocent girls without any pity and mercy, like mad dogs… And they chose the king… the worst of the worst, and that king’s name was Jacques-simpleton.
The nobles were panic-stricken. They begged for help at the same time and Dauphin, and his enemy, Charles the Evil. The army of Charles the Evil crushed the rebels and brutally dealt with them. So, the class unity of France turned out to be a soap bubble.
The Dauphin army surrounded Paris. Etienne Marcel let in the city a detachment of Englishmen, who led Carl the Evil. The followers of the Dauphin in Paris called it treason and killed Prevost. Dauphin punished the supporters of Etienne Marcel, abolished the decision of the States-General and concluded a peace agreement with England. England retained almost a third of the French lands, and in return Edward III refused to claim the French crown.
John II The good Englishmen were released under the fair knightly word to France, but he, having made sure that he had rolled around in the state treasury, returned and soon died in a foreign land. The French throne was joined by the Dauphin Carl. He was vigorously preparing to continue the war with England. When the war resumed in 1369, the French fought better. The very nature of the war has changed. The knights already fought not so much for their ideals, as for the interests of the country. So, Jacquerie still added to them state wisdom.
Prevost is the elected city head in France.