Summary of the novel by F. M. Dostoevsky “Crime and Punishment”

Summary of the novel by F. M. Dostoevsky “Crime and Punishment”

Part one

I

In 1865, a former law student Rodion Raskolnikov finally “crushed by poverty,” his closet resembles not an apartment, but a closet. A young man is tormented by painful and disturbing thoughts. He reflects on some mysterious matter, and this thought torments his mind for a month and a half, the thought of killing an old woman-interest. Raskolnikov goes to the interest-bearing Alena Ivanovna, gives her a watch in exchange for money and promises to bring soon a cigarette case made of pure silver. The young man does not understand how a terrible thought about murder could come into his head, and goes into the tavern.

II

In the raspavochnoy Raskolnikov gets acquainted with titular adviser Marmeladov. From the speech of an embarrassed titular

counselor, a young man learns that Marmeladov’s wife, with three small children in her arms, Katerina Ivanovna, married the man from despair, she simply had nowhere to go, and yet she is intelligent and educated. Marmeladov also drinks all the money. Once he joined the service, but he could not stand it and started drinking again, even took the last money from the house. Daughter Marmeladova Sonya was forced to go to the panel to somehow provide a family. Raskolnikov escorts a new acquaintance home, sees the poor situation in the room and leaves a small change on the window sill.

III

In the morning, Rodion reads a letter from his mother, from which he learns that his sister Dunya was slandered by Svidrigailovs. The girl worked in their house as a governess, and the mistress’s husband fell in love with her. When mistress Marfa Petrovna found out about this, she began to humiliate and insult Dunya.

Svidrigailov admitted that the governess was not to blame for anything. A forty-five-year-old Pyotr Petrovich Luzhin, who has a small capital, wooed the girl. Further Pulcheria Raskolnikova informs that they will soon come to Rodion to St. Petersburg, as Luzhin hurries with the wedding and wants to open a law firm in the city. A letter from the house very moved the hero, and he ran out into the street.

IV

Raskolnikov does not want his sister to become Luzhin’s wife. He understands that the family agreed to this marriage only to end poverty and help Rodion. However, the hero understands that the poor student can not be equal with the rich Luzhin. And again, a long-tormented thought creeps into his mind.

V

Rodion wants to go to university friend Razumihin and borrow money from him, but refuses this idea. The young man spends the last money on a piece of cake and a glass of vodka, after which he falls asleep in the bushes. He dreams a terrible dream, in which the peasants slaughter the old horse to death, and he is quite small and can do nothing. The boy kisses the dead nag and rushes at the man with his fists. Waking up, Raskolnikov again thinks about the murder and doubts that he will decide on him. At the market near Sennaya Square, the hero sees the old woman’s sister Lizaveta. From her conversation with the traders, he realizes that the next day at seven o’clock in the evening the percussionist will be at home alone. Rodion thinks that for him now “everything is decided definitively.”

VI

Raskolnikov considers it unfair that the old woman does not do any good to society and has a decent condition at the same time. He is convinced that the death of an insignificant being can save lives for hundreds of other needy people. After spending the whole day in a state close to delirium, the student takes an ax from the janitor and goes to the old woman.

VII

When Alena Ivanovna takes a cigarette from Rodion and turns to face the window, a young man with an ax’s ax beats her on the head. When Raskolnikov goes into the room of the interest-bearing woman, Lizaveta returns unexpectedly. The hero is confused and kills the sister of the old woman. Taking himself in hand, the young man washes his hands and ax, locks the door, which was open. Interesting clients come to the market. The student waits for them to leave and leaves the apartment, hiding in an empty room one floor below.

Part two

I

Raskolnikov sleeps until three in the afternoon and remembers, waking up, that he did not hide the things that he had taken from Alena Ivanovna. He touches them, flushes blood stains from things. Nastasya gives the hero a summons brought from the police office from the quarter. When the student comes to the station, it turns out that the landlady of the apartment through the law enforcement agencies requires him to pay for housing. The warden takes a receipt from the young man with an obligation to pay the debt. When Rodion is about to leave, he hears the policemen’s dialogue about the murder of the interest-bearer and faints. Everybody decides that he is sick, and they send him home.

II

Raskolnikov is afraid of a search and decides to get rid of the things of his victim. He goes around the city, but he can not do it, because everywhere is quite crowded. Finally he hid things. The hero comes to Razumikhin, not having any specific purpose of the visit. A friend thinks he is sick. Returning home, the young man almost falls under the carriage. The woman sitting in it accepts the hero as a beggar and gives him a twenty-something. Raskolnikov throws money into the river. The student raves all night, and in the morning loses consciousness.

III

Rodion comes to himself in a few days. Next to him are Razumikhin and Nastasia. The student is brought a translation from the mother. Razumikhin says that the police officer Zametov often visited the hero and was interested in his things. Left alone, Raskolnikov carefully examines his room and all the things, wondering if there were any traces of the crime left on them. Razumihin brings new clothes to his friend.

IV

Raskolnikov is visited by another friend, a medical student, Zosimov. From the talk of the guests about the murder of the old woman – the interest-bearer and her sister Lizaveta, Rodion learns that many people are suspected, including the dyer Mikola.

V

Petr Petrovich Luzhin comes to Raskolnikov’s apartment. He reports that he found a home for his bride and her mother. Luzhin makes an unpleasant impression on the students, because he loves only himself. Young people are talking about crime again. The hero learns that Porfiry Petrovich is interrogating all the clients of the old woman. Raskolnikov rebukes Luzhin in that he wants to marry a girl from a poor family so that she will always consider her husband as her benefactor and submit to him. Pyotr Petrovich is indignant and says that Pulcheria Aleksandrovna has distorted the meaning of his words. Rodion promises to release the guest from the stairs.

VI

In a tavern “Crystal Palace” Rodion again meets with Zametov. Raskolnikov said how he would act on the place of the murderer of the old woman: as if he had replaced the traces of the crime, wherever the stolen one had been hiding. Zametov says he does not believe that the student is involved in the crime. Walking around the city, Rodion Raskolnikov approaches the Neva and thinks about suicide. On his eyes a woman throws herself into the water, but she is rescued. The young man refuses to think about suicide. In a half-wretched state, the hero goes to the house of the murdered interest-bearer, where repairs are being carried out. He talks with the workers about the crime, and they consider him insane. Rodion is going to go to Razumihin for a party, but he hears nearby noise and goes there.

VII

The carriage moved Marmeladova. The victim is taken home, Katerina Ivanovna is in despair, she is angry and yells at the crowd of onlookers. Sonechka comes and Rodion notices that she looks ridiculously in a screaming outfit amidst the poor situation of the room. Marmeladov asks her daughter for forgiveness and dies. Raskolnikov gives the family all his money for a funeral. A young man is overtaken by the daughter of Katerina Ivanovna Poleschka, who gives her his address. Raskolnikov feels that he is beginning to recover. He goes to a party to a friend, after which Razumihin escorts him home. Approaching the house, the student sees the light in his windows. Rising, he sees his mother and sister, faints.

Part Three

I

Rodion Raskolnikov comes to himself and asks his relatives not to worry for him. The young man argues with his sister about Luzhin, demands that Dunya render Petr Petrovich. Razumikhin likes his friend’s sister, he tries to prove to her that he and Luzhin are not a couple. Native students leave, because Rodion wants to be alone.

II

In the morning Razumihin comes to Rodion’s mother and sister, asks Dounia for forgiveness for the words about her fiance, apologizes for her quick temper. Luzhin sends a note to the ladies, informing him that he wants to visit them, but asks that Raskolnikov at that moment in the house be absent.

III

Raskolnikov tells about the death of Marmeladov, learns from his mother about the death of Svidrigailova. Rodion is told about Pyotr Petrovich’s note, and he is ready to do as his family will. Dunya wants his brother to be present at the time of her husband’s visit.

IV

Sonia comes to Raskolnikov and invites him to the funeral of Marmeladov. Rodion represents her mother and sister, although the reputation of the girl does not allow her to communicate with the ladies on equal terms. Leaving, Dunya bows to Marmeladova. Raskolnikov asks him to introduce him to Porfiry Petrovich, as he wants to take back the things he himself pawned from the old woman. Sonia is pursued by some stranger and talks to her.

V

Raskolnikov, along with Razumikhin, goes to Porfiry Petrovich. Rodion jokes about the friend’s sympathy for Dunya. At Porfiry friends see Zametov. The offender wants to find out if the investigator knows about his recent visit to the victim’s home. From the conversation with the police, the hero realizes that he is suspected of murder. Porfiry Petrovich reminds the student of his article published in the newspaper “Periodic speech”. In the article Raskolnikov’s theory is stated, according to which people are divided into ordinary, that is, “material”, and extraordinary.

Unusual people can allow their conscience to commit a crime for the common good. Investigator Porphyry asks the hero about the details: for example, did he see the dyers during the visit to the interest-holder. Rodion, being afraid of allowing oversight, hesitates with an answer. Razumikhin said that his friend was in the house three days before the murder, and the dyers on the day of the crime worked. Porphyry bids farewell to the students.

VI

When Raskolnikov approaches his house, an unknown man calls him a murderer and immediately leaves. The hero is again tormented by fever. He dreams of this passerby. He beckons him to Alena Ivanovna’s apartment. Rodion beats the old woman with an ax over his head, and she laughs. The young man wants to run, but there are people around him who condemn him. Raskolnikov wakes up. He comes to Arkady Ivanovich Svidrigailov.

Part Four

I

Raskolnikov visit Svidrigailova not happy, since he seriously spoiled the reputation of his sister. Arkady Ivanovich says that he and Rodion are very similar to each other, “one field berries.” Svidrigailov asks Raskolnikov to arrange a meeting with Dunya for him. His wife left her three thousand rubles, and he himself wants to give her ten thousand for the troubles caused. The student refuses to arrange a meeting.

II

In the evening, Razumikhin and Raskolnikov come to Rodion’s relatives. Luzhin is outraged that the ladies did not consider his request. He wants to discuss the upcoming wedding, but Raskolnikov is not going to do it. Pyotr Petrovich reproaches Dunya that she does not understand her happiness, recalls the plight of the girl’s family. Dunya responds that she can not choose between the bride and groom. They quarrel with Luzhin, and the girl asks the groom to leave.

III

Luzhin Dunya as a wife perfectly satisfied, and so he hopes to fix it. Rodion talks about Svidrigailov’s visit. His sister is sure that the man has conceived something terrible and is afraid of meeting with him. Everyone starts to talk about how to spend Martha Petrovna’s money.

Razumikhin proposes to do book publishing. Everyone is talking animatedly. Rodion Raskolnikov suddenly stands up in the middle of a conversation and leaves. He says that they should not see each other for a while. Razumikhin tries to calm the native young man, saying that he has not yet fully recovered.

IV

Rodion comes to Sonia and says that her victim is in vain. The girl responds that she can not leave her relatives, since they will simply die of hunger without her. The young man bows to Marmeladova at her feet, saying that she bows “to all human suffering.” Raskolnikov learns that Sonechka was friends with the late Lizaveta. On the table, the girl has the Gospel brought by the interest-bearing sister. The student asks him to read about the resurrection of Lazarus. Then Rodion promises to come next day and say who killed Lizaveta. Their conversation is heard by Svidrigailov, who is at this time in the next room.

V

The next day Rodion goes to Porfiry Petrovich and asks for his things to be returned. The investigator again checks it. Raskolnikov does not stand up and asks to plead guilty or innocent of murder. The man leaves the answer. He reports that there is some surprise in the next room.

VI

Lead dyer Nicholas, and he unexpectedly admits to all of the murder of the old woman. Raskolnikov returns home. On the threshold of his room there is that mysterious man who called Rodion a murderer. A man asks for forgiveness for his words. It turned out that he had heard stories about the murder in the apartment, and it was his Porfiry who prepared it as a “surprise.” Raskolnikov feels calmer.

Part Five

I

In his quarrel with Dunya Petr Petrovich Luzhin considers only Raskolnikov guilty. He wants to take revenge and invites Sonia. A man asks for forgiveness that he can not come to the wake, and gives the girl ten rubles.

II

Katerina Ivanovna arranges good commemorations, but many do not come to them. Is Rodion Rassolnikov. The widow quarrels with the hostess of the apartment Amalia Ivanovna. At this moment Luzhin comes.

III

Petr Petrovich reports that Sonya stole a hundred rubles from him. As a witness, he gives his neighbor Lebeziatnikov. Sonia is lost, but very soon begins to deny the charges and gives Luzhin his ten rubles. Katerina Ivanovna does not believe in the guilt of the girl and begins to twist her pockets. A hundred-ruble note falls from there. Lebezyatnikov said that Luzhin himself slipped the girl money. Pyotr Petrovich screams, promising to call the police. Katerina Ivanovna is being driven out of the apartment with the children.

IV

Rodion Raskolnikov comes to Sonya and says that he knows the killer. The girl understands everything. She is ready to go after him to hard labor, but he must atone for his sin. The student understands that his theory has not been confirmed.

V

Lebezyatnikov said that Katerina Ivanovna had gone insane. She forced the children to beg, and they ran away from her. The woman is taken to Sonechka, where she dies. Dunya does not take ten thousand from Svidrigailov, and the man wants to give them to Marmeladov. Raskolnikov advises his sister to pay attention to Razumikhin.

Part Six

I

They bury Katerina Ivanovna. Razumikhin tells that Pulcheria Alexandrovna is sick. Rodion wants to deal with Svidrigailov, talk about his intentions about Dunya.

II

Porfiry Petrovich arrives and reports that he suspects a young man of murder, advises him to come forward and give him two days to think. However, there is no evidence against Rodion, and he does not admit to the crime.

III-IV

Dunya is going to a meeting with Svidrigailov. Arkady Ivanovich insists that they talk in his apartment. He tells the girl about the conversation Sonya and Raskolnikov overheard, promises to save Rodion in exchange for Dunya’s love and affection. The girl wants to leave the house, but the door is locked. She shoots Arkady Ivanovich several times from the revolver, but misses, to ask her to let her go. Svidrigailov gives the girl the key to the door. Dunya throws the revolver and leaves. The man raises the revolver.

V

Svidrigailov goes to the taverns, then goes to Sonia. He reports that he put the children in a good boarding house, gives her three thousand. At night, Arkady Ivanovich sees in a dream a teenage girl, long dead because of him. He leaves the hotel and commits suicide with the help of Dunya’s revolver.

VI

Raskolnikov bids farewell to his mother and sister; informs Dunya that he wants to confess to the murder, promises to start a new life. Rodion regrets that he has not crossed the coveted threshold of his theory, his conscience.

VII

The hero goes to Sonia, and the girl puts on her own cross. She advises you to kiss the ground at the crossroads and say out loud: “I’m a killer.” Rodion follows her advice, then goes to the police station and confesses to the deed. In the same place, he learns about the suicide of Svidrigailov.

Epilogue

I

Raskolnikov was sentenced to eight years of hard labor. He has been serving his sentence for a year and a half. Pulcheria Alexandrovna dies, and Sonechka goes to penal servitude after Raskolnikov. The hero’s sister marries Razumikhin. The young man wants to save money and go to Siberia to start a different life together.

II

Rodion does not find a common language with the rest of the prisoners. He is ashamed of the fact that he has ruined his life so foolishly and ineptly. Arkady Ivanovich Svidrigailov seems to the hero stronger spirit, because he could commit suicide. Sonia, all the prisoners fell in love and at the meeting they took off their hats and bowed to her. Rodion falls ill, even lies in the hospital. His recovery is difficult and slow. Under the pillow at Raskolnikov lies the Gospel. One day a young man begins to cry and hug Sonya’s knees. The girl understands that he loves her and also cries: “They were resurrected by love, the heart of one contained endless sources of life for the heart of the other.” They resumed waiting and enduring… But he was resurrected, and he knew it, felt more fully by all his renewed being, but she – she after all and lived only one of his life! “


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Summary of the novel by F. M. Dostoevsky “Crime and Punishment”