Crime and Punishment. The novel “Crime and Punishment” was conceived by FM Dostoyevsky in penal servitude “in a grave moment of sadness and self-destruction.” It was there, in penal servitude, that the writer encountered “strong personalities” who placed themselves above the moral laws of society. Asked whether it is possible to destroy some people for the sake of happiness, the other author and his hero are responded in different ways. Raskolnikov thinks that it is possible, since this is “simple arithmetic.”
There can be no harmony in the world if at least one child’s tear is shed (after Rodion kills Lizaveta and her unborn child). But the hero is at the mercy of the author, and therefore in the novel anti-human theory of Rodion
It is no mere chance that the conversation with Marmeladov was the last straw in the cup of Raskolnikov’s doubts: he decided to kill the old woman. Money rescue for disadvantaged people, Raskolnikov said. The fate of Marmeladov refutes these beliefs. Poor money is not saved even by the money of his daughter, he is crushed morally and can no longer rise from the bottom of life. The establishment of social justice by violent means Raskolnikov explains as “blood on conscience”.
The writer further develops this theory, and on the pages of the novel appear the heroes “doubles” Raskolnikov. “We are a single berries field,” says Svidrigailov to Rodion, emphasizing their similarity. Svidrigailov and Luzhin have exhausted the idea of abandoning “principles” and “ideals” to the end. One has lost the landmarks between good and evil, the other preaches personal gain all this logical completion of Raskolnikov’s thoughts.
Knowingly for self-loving reasoning, Luzhin Rodion replies: “Bring to the consequences that you preached just now, and it will come out that people can be cut.” Raskolnikov believes that breaking the law can only “real people.” since they act for the good of mankind. But Dostoevsky from the pages of the novel proclaims: any murder is unacceptable. These ideas are expressed by Razumikhin, citing simple and convincing arguments that the nature of the crime is opposed by human nature.
What, then, does Raskolnikov come to as a result, considering himself entitled to destroy “unnecessary” people for the benefit of the humiliated and offended? He himself rises above people, becoming a man “extraordinary”. Therefore, Raskolnikov divides people into “elected” and “creatures trembling.”
And Dostoevsky, removing his hero from the Napoleonic pedestal, tells us that Raskolnikov is not concerned with people’s happiness, but the question is: “… am I a louse like everyone else or a man.” Am I a shivering creature or have the right… ” Rodion dreams of ruling over people, so the essence of the hero-individualist is manifested.
Refuting the life goals of his hero, preaching the Christian principles, Dostoevsky introduces the image of Sony in the novel. The writer sees “the greatest happiness” in the destruction of his “I”. in the undivided service to people, this “truth” of FM embodied in Sonya. Contrasting these images, Dostoevsky confronts Raskolnikov’s revolutionary atheistic rebellion with Christian humility, love of people and God Sonechka. Sony’s pervasive love, her faith convinces Rodion “suffering to accept.”
He confesses to the crime, but only in penal servitude, comprehending the gospel truths, comes to repentance. Sonia turns the R-va to people from whom he was distantly committed by a perfect crime. “They were resurrected by love…” Destroying the “harmonious” theory of R-va, his “simple arithmetic.” Dostoevsky warned humanity against the danger of revolutionary riots, proclaimed the idea of the value of any human personality.