Crime and punishment

Crime and Punishment. The novel “Crime and Punishment” was conceived by FM Dostoevsky in penal servitude “during a heavy moment of sadness and self-destruction.” It was there, in penal servitude, that the writer ran into “strong personalities” who placed themselves above the moral laws of society. On the question: is it possible to destroy some people for the sake of happiness of others, the author and his hero are responded in different ways. Raskolnikov believes that it is possible, since this is “simple arithmetic.”

There can be no harmony in the world if at least one child’s tear is shed (after Rodion kills Lizaveta and her unborn child). But the hero is at the mercy of the author, and therefore in the novel the anti-human theory of Rodion Raskolnikov crashes. Revolt of the hero. the basis of his theory, is generated by the social inequality of society.

It is no accident that the conversation with Marmeladov was

the last straw in the cup of doubt Raskolnikov: he finally decided to kill the old woman-interest. Money rescue for disadvantaged people, Raskolnikov said. The fate of Marmeladov refutes these beliefs. Poor money is not saved even by the money of his daughter, he is crushed morally and can no longer rise from the bottom of life. The establishment of social justice by violent means Raskolnikov explains as “blood on conscience”.

The writer further develops this theory, and on the pages of the novel appear the heroes “doubles” Raskolnikov. “We are a single berries field,” says Svidrigailov to Rodion, emphasizing their similarity. Svidrigailov and Luzhin have exhausted the idea of ​​abandoning “principles” and “ideals” to the end. One has lost the landmarks between good and evil, the other preaches personal gain all this logical completion of Raskolnikov’s thoughts.

Knowingly for self-indulgent reasoning Luzhin Rodion responds: “Bring to the consequences that you just preached, and it will come out that people can be cut.” Raskolnikov

believes that only “real people” can transgress the law. since they act for the good of mankind. But Dostoevsky from the pages of the novel proclaims: any murder is unacceptable. These ideas are expressed by Razumikhin, citing simple and convincing arguments that the nature of the crime is opposed by human nature.

What, then, does Raskolnikov come to as a result, considering himself entitled to destroy “unnecessary” people for the benefit of the humiliated and offended? He himself rises above people, becoming a man “extraordinary.” Therefore, Raskolnikov divides people into “elected” and “creatures trembling.”

And Dostoyevsky, removing his hero from the Napoleonic pedestal, tells us that Raskolnikov does not care about people’s happiness, and he is asked: “Do I like lice like everyone else, or a man.” Am I trembling or have I a creature. ” Rodion dreams of ruling over people, so the essence of the hero-individualist is manifested.

Refuting the life goals of his hero, preaching Christian principles, Dostoevsky introduces the image of Sony in the novel. The writer sees “the greatest happiness” in the destruction of his “I”. in the undivided service to people, this “truth” of FM embodied in Sonya. Contrasting these images, Dostoevsky confronts Raskolnikov’s revolutionary atheistic rebellion with Christian humility, love for people and God Sonechka. Sonya’s forgiving love, her faith convinces Rodion “suffering to accept.”

He confesses to the crime, but only in penal servitude, comprehending the gospel truths, comes to repentance. Sonia returns the R-va to people from whom he was distantly committed by a perfect crime. “They were resurrected by love.” Destroying the “harmonious” theory of P-va, his “simple arithmetic.” Dostoevsky warned humanity against the danger of revolutionary riots, proclaimed the idea of ​​the value of any human personality.

The writer believed that “there is one law is a moral law.”

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Crime and punishment