The novel “Crime and Punishment” is a work about murder, about the torment of the protagonist, about sin and repentance. This is a kind of detective, where we already know the killer from the very beginning.
Rodion Raskolnikov, who killed the old woman-interest Alena Ivanovna, was a poor student, lived in a tiny room, he had very little money. His room expresses his condition at that moment: “It was a tiny cage, six-foot steps away, having the most miserable appearance with its yellow, dusty and wall-to-wall wallpaper, and so low that a slightly taller person was in it creepy… “. The wallpaper in the room is yellow, this color in the novel symbolizes sickness and despondency, it can often be found in the description of other people, which creates a tense atmosphere in the novel.
Raskolnikov is suffering. He receives a letter from his mother, who “finishes” him. To crime, first, poverty drives him, and secondly, the desire to relieve
himself of the responsibility for the mother and sister of Dunya, who also lived very poorly. The third and most important reason is Raskolnikov’s test of his own theory, which consists in dividing people into two types – “trembling creatures” and “having the right.” He finds it difficult to attribute himself to one or the other, but he constantly wants to find out. Raskolnikov becomes obsessed with this idea, the other causes of the murder fade against the background of the main thing – to understand who he is. To do this, he commits a crime – to realize whether he has the right to dispose of the fate of a minor, in his opinion, and a petty person whose disappearance will not affect the life of society in any way. He says to Sonya: “
Raskolnikov is often asked such questions as: “Is a man a louse?”, “Would Napoleon have gone or not?”. Napoleon is the coachman for Raskolnikov and he often thinks that he would have done, being in his place. In the soul of Rodion Raskolnikov there is a struggle between his evil side and the good. Hence
the origin of the surname: it symbolizes the split of his soul into two halves – innocent and disinterested and selfish and cold.
After committing a crime, Raskolnikov initially does not feel guilty and does not repent, believes that he did not harm anyone but himself. “I killed myself, for myself alone…” – he says.
He confesses to Sonya that “by the same way walking, I would never again repeat the murders.” At the end of the novel, Rodion was able to repent of his deed, in this he helped Sonya, who accepted him as he is, and helped him to take the right path. Therefore, the good and clean side of Rodion Raskolnikov’s personality won the bad and he managed to leave his obsessive ideas and delusions in the past and start a new life.