In our time, many people for everything, for money, social status, satisfaction of their own whims. Loss of moral qualities, bitterness is the inevitable result of such selfish behavior. Examples of such people are given
This is primarily Petr Petrovich Luzhin and Arkady Ivanovich Svidrigailov. And if in Svidrigailov we see at least belated, but repentance (helps the children of Marmeladov after the death of their mother, begs forgiveness from Dunya Raskolnikova), then Luzhin’s conscience has long been replaced by the concepts of “gain,” “calculation,” and “self-gratification.”
The protagonist of the novel Dostoevsky, unlike Luzhin, does not stand the test of conscience. Rodion Raskolnikov, having committed a horrible crime – murder, experiences terrifying mental anguish. His logical, reasoned theory about “the creatures of trembling” and “the right of having” crashes. And all this because conscience,
that is, according to Dostoevsky, the voice of God in man, does not allow him to calmly accept the inhumanity of his idea. Only fully repent of the deed, after accepting penal servitude as a cleansing, and not a punishment for weakness (unable to withstand the emotional torments, the hero admits everything to the investigator), Raskolnikov humble and get calm. The problem of the continuity of the concepts “conscience” and “morality” is the most important in the novel. Dostoevsky bluntly states: when people forget about conscience, society degrades.
Her main character is Yegor Prokudin. A former criminal, he brought a lot of grief and suffering to his mother. This torments the hero, who finds no excuses. When I met my mother after many years of separation, Yegor did not manage to admit that he was her son. At the end of the story, it is the conscience that does not allow the hero to sink to the very bottom of immorality. Yegor’s refusal to help former “friends” in criminal life turns out to be a death for the hero, but this refusal is also the highest manifestation of his
This story of how hard it was for the boy to admit his mistake. Encouraged by the neighboring children, the boy Vitya decides to deceive the grandmother (puts the basket with strawberries, which her grandmother wanted to sell in the city, the grass). But the conscience begins to torment the child immediately after the act is committed. He does not sleep well the night and is determined to confess in the morning, but does not have time. Grandma has already left for the city. Upon the return of my grandmother, Vitya wept bitterly and repented of her deed. And the grandmother is an example of true generosity. Seeing the sincere repentance of the boy, she still gives him a carrot – a horse with a pink mane, which he very much dreamed of. This case was for Vitya the main moral lesson in life.
Elimination of illiteracy plus.
Quotation of the week
Whatever you study, you learn for yourself
Who among us in my childhood did not play catch-up and shouted loudly “Chur me.” Surely everyone, but not everyone knows that the exclamation “Chur!” has very ancient roots. And although in our time few people know about this, the history of the emergence of this expression is very interesting. The exclamation of “Chur me” was originally a spell against evil spirits, a prohibition to touch anything, to perform some kind of action.