Biography De Sad Donacien-Alfons-François All for students and schoolchildren

Donaciène-Alphonse-François de Sade was born on June 2, 1740 in
Paris. His parents, Jean-Baptiste Joseph-Francois de Sade, the
royal governor in the provinces of Bresse, Buge, Valmor and Same, the
envoy at the court of the Cologne Elector and his mother, Marie-Eleonora de
Breese de Carman, the maid of honor of Princess Conde, wanted to give her son a second
name Aldons, but this ancient Provençal name in Paris was
unknown and the priest made a mistake when writing. We
know almost nothing about the first years of the Marquis’s life. If you accept the description
of Valcour’s childhood for an autobiographical sketch, then in his early childhood, the
Garden had to face grievous grievances and injustice.
Later, being brought up with Louis-Joseph de Bourbon, he,
apparently so vehemently defended himself against the egoism and arrogance of the young
prince, that he had to be removed from the court. A considerable influence on the
boy was rendered by the abbot d’Ebray, in whose house the Garden is from five to ten
years old. Abbot d’Herbay, the author of the book “The Life of Petrarch” was, besides, a
distant relative of the great poet, so the nobility of
origin does not leave doubts, but this
can not be neglected.
In 1754, the Garden entered the Cavalry School, graduating from it
taking part in the battles of the seven-year war, reaching the
captain and leaving in 1963 to retire. May 17 of the same year, the Garden, at the
insistence of the parents, marries Rene-Pelagie Cordier de Montreuil,
the eldest daughter of Mr. de Montreuil, the president of the tax chamber, which did not
belong to the circle of the higher aristocracy, but had a good
dowry. This was the beginning of disasters that haunted him for the
rest of his life. Having married in May, in October the Garden was arrested
because of the excess in the brothel, which he regularly visited.
The reason for the arrest was, apparently, quite serious, because the
Sad sent numerous letters to the head of the prison, begging to keep
it a secret, otherwise his whole life would be irreparably corrupted. This
circumstance leads one to assume that the eroticism of the Garden has
already taken a very compromising form, especially since a
police inspector Mara sent out to the keepers of brothels a year later
“… I would
strongly advise Madame de Brissot, without going into
detailed explanations, to deny him, if he demands from her a maid of
easy conduct for the amusements at the house of meetings…” And it was in This
moment the young Garden first realizes that personal pleasures
are incompatible with public morality.
In fact, whipping off a whip (by prior agreement) of
several prostitutes – not God knows what a feat. And the fact that the Garden
fills it with such a value, leads to certain suspicions…
Further adventures of the Garden on the path of vice are no less “impressive”:
October 16, 1767. Report of Inspector Marais: “… soon we again
we hear of the terrible actions of the count (by that time the father of the Marquis had already
died, and the Garden inherited the title of Count) de Sade, who in every possible way
tried to persuade the girl Riviere from the Opera to become his mistress,
offering her five louis a month… the aforementioned the girl
responded with a refusal “On 3 April 1768 (Holy Easter.) At nine o’clock
in the morning on Victoire Square the Marquis de Sade,” dressed in a gray coat, with a
hunting knife on his belt and with a cane in his hand, meets a certain woman
at the age of about thirty-six years by the name of Rose Keller. She
agreed to sit down in the cab next to the marquis, who brought her to his
house in the Arqueu estate. There, forcing Rosa to undress, the Marquis
repeatedly beat a woman with a whip with knots at the ends. Then he
rubbed the affected parts of the body with ointment, which included a white
wax, offered to confess it and, bringing Rose breakfast, locked her in a
room for two turns. However, the woman managed to jump out of the window.
She read the suburbs with loud wailing, and went to the
police station, where she filed an extremely exaggerated complaint. “In the
future, Rosa Killer refused her complaint in return for
compensation in the amount of 2,400 livres. In spite of this, by decision of the court, the Garden is
subject to a total length of up to three months
, June 27, 1772. At 10 o’clock in the morning the Garden with its footman
rises to the room of the maid Borelli, nicknamed Mariette, where their
waiting for three more girls. Actions: active and passive flagging,
anal sex, from which the girls, they said, refused, other
pleasures, the protocol is not specified. The use of aniseed
sweets with a spanish fly. A few days later, the girls filed a
complaint with the police about… poisoning. On the basis of this complaint, on September 3 of
the same year, the royal prosecutor in Marseilles decides on
charges of Sad and his servant in sodomy and poisoning, and sentences them
to public repentance and hanging with the further burning of bodies and the
dispel of dust to the wind. The execution was carried out “in absentia” And so on,
and so on…
Two circumstances immediately attract attention. First, so
whether the
Marquis’s inclination was unnatural (even for his time) , if, in spite of persistent police warnings,
prostitutes continued to take the Garden. And, secondly, the incongruity of
misdemeanors and punishments: due to several, very doubtful complaints, the
marquis was persecuted long in… forty years!
Obviously, in the field of sexual perversions, the Marquis did not discover
anything new.
Any modern reader will only smile – in any special
literature there are cases of pohlesche. And at that time all these antics
were known for a long time (it is not without reason that de Sade himself refers to ancient
sources). However, the Garden is declared the greatest criminal of all /> times. To whom was this beneficial?
Here it is necessary to dwell on one more person who had a
considerable influence on the fate of the Marquis – his mother-in-law, Madame de Montreuil was
pursued by her son-in-law all her life. It was with her help that the Garden was
arrested several times. It seems that as soon as the marquise was released from
prison, Madame de Montreuil was beginning to look – for what else would he be
planted? .. The garden hated his mother-in-law, called her “pig’s snout.” I.
Sad saved her from the revolutionary government, for which he was accused of
moderation and… imprisoned. By the way the wife of the Marquis, Madame de Sade
was the complete success of her husband’s ideas. She for many years covered the
crimes of the Marquis, showed remarkable courage by organizing
one of her husband’s shoots. Orgia Garden in the castle of La Coste was held with her
support. When one of her maids accused the Marquise of the paternity of her
child, Madame de Sade put her silver in her things to
discredit her accusations. It should be noted that the
marquis did not experience the slightest gratitude, but… For several years he diligently
played the role of a respectable father and husband after spending three years in his
estate in Provence, having produced two children and taking the
color of the Provencal society. He read a lot (as, indeed, always),
put his plays in the home theater (and he always loved the theater as well).
Was the Garden a painter of vice, who put him exactly at the head
angle? And again the Marquis answered this question himself. “… they say that my
brushes are too strong, and I turn to the reader, I depict a vice as
loathsome, want to know why? I do not want to arouse love of
vice…” The question is in another – what did the Garden understand by vice?
The above remark, without doubt, is an attempt to justify itself to the
reader (it’s not for nothing that Sad always denied the authorship of Justin), but
not only. In the characters of the Garden, society could not but recognize itself. And this
he did not forgive, accusing him of distorting the mind, as well as he
accused the society.
So what idea did the Garden preach? And the author
tried to answer this question implicitly. Apparently, it’s time
formulate this issue clearly.
The Marquis was unable to obtain from society a personal freedom that
can not be obtained from society simply because it, without any
right, appropriated the authority to establish its framework. Freedom
became for him a certain symbol, which he had already given new
features, proclaiming the freedom of the all-embracing and originally
belonging only to a narrow circle of persons, simply because the others
were not yet up to it. And the rest of the Marquis just laughed.
Chapter 5. SMILE SMARE
Humor, even if black, permeates all the books of de Sade. You just
begin to notice it not from the first or even from the second time. Those who
blames the Marquis for being a grim writer, just read it
once. There were many examples already, but they concerned
mostly satire or grotesque. The author does not deny himself the
pleasure of bringing a few more fragments, purely witty:
(it is arranged as always, a well-organized group for amorous
pleasures). “” And what do you want me to do? “Asked Noaresay.” To reflect,
“the minister said shortly,” you will hold a candle and
think about the vicissitudes of fate.
(Juliet) “Constance, the wife of the duke and daughter of Dursa, is a tall, slender
woman, as if created to be painted. The elegance of the waist went
not at all to the detriment of freshness: plump, with delicious shapes and
skin whiter lilies, she often encouraged to imagine that Love itself
took care of its processing. The eyes are large, black, full of fire, the mouth is
very small, decorated with the most amazing teeth that
one can imagine; tongue thin, narrow, scarlet; the breath is sweeter than the pink…
The distinctly curved waist turns into a… delightful
asshole in a delightful line… an enchanting refuge of lusts…
(120 days of Sodom) And, of course, the will of the marquis, whose
surreal tone prompted Andre Breton to include him in
Anthology black humor, released in 1940.
“I categorically forbid opening my body under any
pretext, I demand that it be stored for 48 hours in a room where I
I shall die in a wooden coffin, which should be boarded only after the
expiration of the period prescribed above, after the expiration of which the named
coffin will be boarded up; during this period it is necessary to send a
messenger to seigneur Leonorman, a wood merchant, to ask
him to come along with the cart for my body and transport it to the forest of
my land in Malmaison where I want it to be buried in the
first bush found on the right side of the
mentioned forest, if you enter from the side of the old castle along the big
avenue, its crossing. The pit will be dug in this bush by the
Malmaison peasant, under the supervision of Senor Lenorman,
which will leave my body only after moving it to the named pit.
As soon as the pit is covered, it is necessary to sketch the acorns above,
so that later the place of the named pit and the bush look like before and the
traces of my grave disappeared from the surface of the earth. For I flatter myself with the
hope that my memory will be erased from the human head… “The
Marquis’s will was never executed…
After the death of de Sade, we did not have any of his portraits, only
vague descriptions of the police protocols.” The author repeatedly
tried to imagine but despite the fact that in each
case the portrait turned out different, one detail of it remained
unchanged. “The marquis was smiling with a light half-smile that was slightly reminiscent of
jokondovskuyu.


Biography De Sad Donacien-Alfons-François All for students and schoolchildren