(15.01.1891 – 31.08.1967)
Erenburg Ilya Girshevich (Grigoryevich) (15.01.1891, Kiev – August 31, 1967, Moscow), publicist and public figure, twice winner of the Stalin Prize (1942, 1948). The son of a merchant of the 2nd Guild. He studied at the gymnasium together with NI Bukharin. In 1905 he joined the Bolsheviks. In January 1908 he was arrested and released before trial, and in December 1908 “because of a painful condition” he went abroad. He lived in France, where in 1910 he published a collection of poems. In 1914-1917, he was a correspondent of Russian bourgeois newspapers on the Western Front. In March 1917 he returned to Russia. Negatively reacted to the coming to power of the Bolsheviks and in 1921 again left for France. From 1921 he lived in Paris,
It is by its name and began to be called a short period of relaxation in the beginning of the rule of Khrushchev. Later Ehrenburg stated that under Stalin “he survived by sheer chance.”
Partly used materials from the book.: Zalessky K. A. The Empire of Stalin. Biographical encyclopedic dictionary. Moscow, Veche, 2000.