Summary Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky



Mussorgsky is a great composer-realist, the creator of a brightly original innovative art. Artistic views of Mussorgsky formed under the influence of revolutionary democratic ideas of the 1860s. The composer saw his goal in a truthful depiction of the life of the oppressed people, in exposing the social monstrosities of the autocratic-serf system. This goal he pursued and referring to the critical periods of Russian history. “Past in the present is my task,” said Mussorgsky. He possessed the gift of an exceptionally deep and sensitive penetration into the psychology of the people, which enabled him to create a gallery of living, uniquely original national characters. The novelty of the designs made Mussorgsky look for new forms and means of musical expression that enriched world art.

Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky was born on March 9 (21), 1839, in the village of Karevo, in the Pskov province. Since 1849, he studied

at the Petropavlovsk school, and then at the School of Guard Sub-Ensigns (St. Petersburg), simultaneously continuing the piano lessons begun in his early childhood. Upon graduation from school (1856), Mussorgsky approached Dargomyzhsky, and a year later – with Balakirev, Stasov and Cui. Thus the core of the “Mighty Pile” was formed, to which subsequently Borodin and Rimsky-Korsakov joined.

In the most important work of the early period – the unfinished opera Salammbo (based on Flaubert’s novel, 1866) – the composer’s craving for historical subjects connected with popular movements was manifested. At the same time, a series of “popular pictures” (the author’s definition) arose in the chamber-vocal genre, in which the theme of protest against the lawlessness and poverty of the peasantry was voiced (Kalistrat, Lullaby of Eremushki, etc.), a number of satirical works (Seminarist, Classic “,” Rajek “), the cycle” Children’s “. The composer also created a symphonic painting “Ivan’s Night on Bald Mountain” on

the plot of folk legends (1867) and the opera “Marriage” (according to Gogol, 1868, remained unfinished).

The peak of this period was the musical drama “Boris Godunov” (1868-1872).

After the production of Boris (1874), the composer’s focus was on Khovanshchina and Sorochinskaya Yarmarka (according to Gogol), over which the composer worked until the end of his life. In the 1870s, the “Forgotten” ballad was also created on the plot of the same name by V. Vereshchagin, the cycle “Songs and Dances of Death” on the words of A. Golenishchev-Kutuzov and the piano cycle “Pictures from the Exhibition” (1874), created under the impression of a posthumous exhibitions of the architect and artist Gargman

Mussorgsky died in poverty, after a serious illness on March 16 (28), 1881 in St. Petersburg.

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Summary Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky