Summary Eduard Franzevich Napravnik



Napravnik went down in the history of Russian music as a wonderful conductor and talented composer. He owns 4 operas, 4 symphonies, orchestral pieces, piano concerto, chamber ensembles, choirs, romances, compositions for pianoforte, violin, cello and so on. As a composer Napravnik did not have a vivid creative individuality; his works are marked by the influence of various composers and more than others – Tchaikovsky. However, the best composition Napravnik – opera “Dubrovsky” has great artistic merit; she brought the author well-deserved fame.

Eduard Franzevich Napravnik Czech nationality, was born on August 12 (24), 1839 in Bohemia (in the village of Beishta, near Kenigretz). His father was a school teacher, a church choir director and organist. The future composer was educated at the Organ School in Prague. In 1861 Napravnik moved to St. Petersburg, where he found his second homeland. Two years later

he became a tutor and organist of the Mariinsky Theater. From 1869 until the end of his life Napravnik remained the chief conductor of this theater; he also acted as the conductor of symphonic concerts of the Russian Musical Society.

At the Mariinsky Theater, under the guidance of Napravnik, 80 operas were learned and delivered. While the theater directorate, reflecting the tastes of aristocratic circles, preferred the Italian opera, he relentlessly propagandized the work of Russian composers. He performed the first productions of the operas of Dargomyzhsky, Mussorgsky, Rimsky-Korsakov, (Tchaikovsky, Rubinstein, Serov, Glinka’s opera Ruslan and Lyudmila first sounded without notes and distortions under the supervision of Napravnik.

On the stage of the Mariinsky Theater Napravnik also staged his own operas – “Nizhegorodtsy” (libretto by PI Kalashnikov, 1868), “Harold” (after the drama E. Wildenbruch, 1885), “Dubrovsky” (based on A. Pushkin’s story, 1894 ) and “Francesca da Rimini” (on the tragedy of S. Philipps, 1902).

Napravnik died in St. Petersburg on November 10 (23), 1916.

1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (1 votes, average: 5.00 out of 5)

Summary Eduard Franzevich Napravnik