Summary Zakhary Petrovich Paliashvili



One of the most important stages of the musical history of Georgia is associated with the name of Paliashvili. His creative and social activities unfolded in the early 1900s, during the rise of national art. Paliashvili was the first classic of Georgian music. Based on folk traditions, using the achievements of classical, primarily Russian art, he reflected in his national-original creativity important aspects of national life, features of a national character. The main part of Paliashvili’s legacy consists of operas. He also owns a number of choirs, instrumental pieces, and folk songs. A profound trail in the Georgian musical culture was left by Paliashvili’s great pedagogical and public activities.

Zakhari Petrovich Paliashvili was born on 4 (16) August 1871 in Kutaisi (Georgia) in a musical family. The first mentor of the future composer was his elder brother, Ivan Petrovich Paliashvili, later a well-known conductor.

Eight years, Zachary was already singing in the church choir, he learned to play on the organ early.

In 1887, he moved to Tiflis and entered the Georgian choir, created by the enthusiast of folk music LA Agniashvili. A few years later the musician entered the Tiflis Music School, in the French horn class. Here, the composition began, which continued in 1900-1903 in the Moscow Conservatory under the direction of SI Taneev. During this period, Paliashvili became close to the Russian musical culture, the traditions of which had a strong influence on the work of the Georgian composer. Upon his return to Georgia, Paliashvili took part in a broad movement for the creation of national art. He was one of the founders of the Georgian Philharmonic Society, made a long trip to Georgia to collect folk songs, later processed by him and published in a number of collections.

In 1918 Paliashvili’s first opera Abesalom and Eteri appeared (on the ancient epic story), which belongs to the highest achievements of Georgian music. After the establishment of Soviet power in Georgia, Paliashvili’s compositional

and public activities became even more fruitful. For a long time he headed the Tiflis Conservatory. In the last decade of his life he wrote operas “Daisy” (1923) and “Latavra” (1927).

A great place in the heritage of Paliashvili is vocal music – compositions for chorus, romances. His pen also includes: “Solemn Cantata” (1927), dedicated to the tenth anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution, works for the symphony orchestra, including the Georgian suite on folk themes (1928).

Paliashvili died on October 6, 1933 in Tbilisi.

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Summary Zakhary Petrovich Paliashvili