Rossini – an outstanding Italian composer of the last century, whose work was marked by the flowering of national opera. He was able to breathe new life into the traditional for Italy kinds of opera – comic (buffa) and “serious” (seria). Especially brightly Rossini’s talent unfolded in the field of opera buffa. Realistic life sketches, accuracy in depicting characters, swift action, melodic richness and sparkling wit provided his works immense popularity. The composer created in the era of the awakened public activity of the people of Italy, the rise of the struggle for independence. In his effectively optimistic, democratic art, contemporaries heard the voice of his turbulent time, saw the expression of the Italian national character. The period of Rossini’s intense creative work lasted only about twenty years. During this time, they created over thirty operas, many in a short time bypassed all the capital’s
theaters in Europe and brought the author worldwide fame.
Gioacchino Rossini was born on February 29, 1792 in the small Italian town of Pesaro. The future composer possessed a beautiful voice and from the age of eight he participated in church choirs. For fourteen years he undertook an independent trip with a small theatrical troupe as a conductor. His education was completed by Rossini in the Bologna Music Lyceum, after which he entered the path of an opera composer. Moving from city to city, carrying out orders of local theaters, Rossini wrote several operas a year. Two works created in 1813 – opera buffa “Italian in Algeria” and the heroic opera series “Tankred” – brought him wide fame. The melodies of the Russian arias were sung in the streets of Italian cities. “In Italy there lives a man,” Stendhal wrote, “which is spoken of more than about Napoleon;
In 1815, Rossini was invited to the place of permanent composer in the largest Italian theater of San Carlo in Naples. His musical and theatrical style reached high maturity in the monumental heroic
operas Moses (1818) and Mohammed II (1820). In 1816, Rossini wrote his best comic opera The Seville Barber for one Roman theater.
In 1822, the political reaction that came in Italy, forced Rossini to leave his homeland. In 1824 he settled in Paris. Given the requirements of the French scene, he reworked a number of his previous operas and created new ones. The high achievement of Rossini’s genius was the heroic-romantic opera “Wilhelm Tell” (1829), which glorified the leader of the national liberation struggle of Switzerland of the XIII century. Appearing on the eve of the revolution of 1830, this opera responded to the freedom-loving sentiment of the advanced part of French society. “William Tell” – the last opera Rossini. After its creation, the composer lived for 39 years, but wrote only a few spiritual works, a number of romances and piano pieces.
Rossini died on November 13, 1868 in Passy, near Paris.