Summary Karl Maria Weber



Weber is an outstanding German romantic composer. A versatile gifted personality – conductor, pianist, literary man, music and public figure, Weber was an active fighter for German national art. His creative heritage includes sonatas, concerts, program pieces for piano, chamber works, songs, but the leading role belongs to the opera. Weber’s work in this field largely determined the future fate of the German musical theater. The works of Weber are connected with the poetic world of folk legends, legends, fairy tales. A great place in them is given to the depiction of fantastic pictures, folk life and nature. Music captivates them with sincere sincerity, it is temperamental, romantically impulsive. The Weber Orchestra is particularly expressive, the sound of which is distinguished by virtuoso brilliance, subtlety and variety of colors.

Karl Maria Weber was born on November 18, 1786 in the north-German city of Eytin, in the family

of a wandering entrepreneur and conductor. The childhood of the future composer flowed in the atmosphere of the roving provincial theater. Excellent knowledge of the scene, acquired in childhood, later turned out to be fruitful for the composer’s operatic work. Permanent rides prevented systematic training of music, but at the age of seventeen the gifted young man was already an outstanding pianist and author of many works, including operas Peter Schmol and his neighbors (1801).

In 1804, Weber became the conductor of the opera house in Breslau, but not for long. In the life of the composer, it was a difficult time: without a permanent home, experiencing need, he moved from city to city, was a conductor, a home music teacher, a pianist. During this period he wrote numerous instrumental and vocal works. The patriotic rise that swept the leading German intelligentsia in the second decade of the nineteenth century after the collapse of the Napoleonic Empire found Weber’s active response. He created a collection of patriotic songs – “Lira and the sword” on the words of the poet T. Kerner,

which received wide popular recognition.

From 1813 to 1816, Weber was an opera conductor in Prague; then moved to Dresden, where the last ten years of life led the theater of the German opera. The Dresden period is marked by the creation of the best piano compositions by Weber – “Invitations to Dance”, “Concert Piece” for piano and orchestra. But the most important are the works for the musical theater – music for the drama of PA Wolff “Preziosa” (1820) and especially the last three operas: “The Free Shooter” (1821), fabulously everyday, based on folk tales, “Evriant” ( 1823), using the motifs of medieval knight legends, and the magical opera-tale “Oberon” (1826). Beautiful in music and well-known brilliant overtures to these operas.

In 1826, experienced material difficulties and already seriously ill Weber undertook a trip to London, where he directed the staging of his last opera. In London, the composer died on June 5, 1826. In 1844 his ashes were transported to Germany and buried in Dresden.

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Summary Karl Maria Weber