It’s quite easy to go to Finland: we boarded a trip to St. Petersburg, and in two hours you are already in the Suomi Country. Visiting the “northern neighbor” you, of course, hurry to visit the capital. But before you leave the train, look in the guide to Helsinki!
Perhaps this can be done without delaying! We read.
Helsinki is the capital of Finland. It is also known the Swedish name of the city – Helsingfors, which is connected with the use of the Swedish language in the country along with the Finnish as the second official language.
The city is located on a rocky peninsula in the central part of the northern coast of the Gulf of Finland.
Helsinki was founded in 1550 by the decree of Swedish King Gustav Vasa. The growth of the city began after the accession
Finland to Russia and the transfer here in 1812 of the capital from Turku. The connection of Helsinki with St. Petersburg railway line and the related expansion of trade ties have made Helsinki the main commercial and industrial center of the country. The city developed especially intensively as the capital of an independent Finnish state after Soviet Russia in 1917, through a decree signed by Lenin, granted Finland state independence.
Many pages of the Russian revolutionary movement are connected with Helsinki. VI Lenin repeatedly came here, forced to hide from persecution by the tsarist authorities and the Provisional Government.
The industrial enterprises of Helsinki are concentrated mainly in the eastern part of the city. The most developed branches are machine building, electrical engineering, instrument making, chemical, textile, pharmaceutical, food industry. The products of the largest porcelain and faience factory “Arabia” are also famous. Several powerful icebreakers were built at the shipyards of the Wärtsilä for the former Soviet Union.
Through the port of Helsinki, whose piers stretch to the very center of the city, it takes about a third of the country’s imports. In Helsinki there are offices and warehouses of all the largest trading companies in Finland. Here the boards of the main banks. By rail, bus, water and air lines the Finnish capital is connected with all regions of the country and with many foreign states.
The ancient center of the city is the Senate Square with the majestic cathedral of St. Nicholas, to which a colossal staircase rises from the square. Nearby is the ensemble
of Torgovaya Square, where the President’s Palace is located. Interesting in architecture is the Central Station. Impressive impression is made by the parliament building with a granite colonnade.
More than half of the country’s higher educational institutions are concentrated in Helsinki. About 12 thousand students study at Helsinki University. There are also technological, commercial, pedagogical and other institutes, the Sibelius Music Academy.
The Athenaeum Art Museum has collected many wonderful works of Finnish, Russian and Western European art; interesting historical-ethnographic and architectural and household museums in the open air, as well as the fortress – the museum Sveaborg.
There are several theaters in Helsinki – the Finnish Opera, the Finnish National, the Swedish, the Worker and others. Every year in summer the international music festival “Sibelius Week” in honor of the great Finnish composer is held in the Finnish capital.