The Volga-Vyatka region of Russia

1. Look at the physical map and find the physical and geographical objects that determine the natural appearance of the area.

The image of the district is defined by three rivers, two of which gave the name to the district, and the third is the one located between them – Vetluga. On the territory of the district there are two reservoirs – Gorkovskoye and Cheboksarskoye.

2. Some geographers refer Nizhny Novgorod to the Center, the Kirov region to the North, and Mordovia to Chernozem. Explain why.

The industrial and commercial Nizhny Novgorod region with such engineering giants as the Gorky Automobile Plant, the Krasnoye Sormovo plant, aviation and shipbuilding plants, of course, would occupy a worthy place among other regions of the Central District.

Mordovia – forest-steppe, all plowed, and appearance, and agricultural specialization is like the northern part of the Central Black Earth region. Forest Kirov region, specializing in forestry,

is similar to the Republic of Komi.

Continuing the division of the Volga-Vyatka region, it would be possible to add Chuvashia and the Mari-El republic to the Volga region. When dividing into federal districts, the whole Volga-Vyatka district was included in the Volga District.

3. Nizhny Novgorod is the “pocket of Russia”. So accurately determined the role of the city in the past. What was the basis for this statement? Can yurod claim this role in the coming decades? Who are his competitors?

In the XIX – early XX century. Nizhny Novgorod was the largest trade and financial center of the country and the largest world wholesale center for grain. In 1817-1917, 1922-1930 and from the 1990’s. Here the annual largest in Russia Nizhny Novgorod fairs took place. Now, of course, Moscow plays the role of such a center, and it is difficult for Nizhny Novgorod to compete with it.

However, Nizhny Novgorod’s role as an industrial giant is undeniable and grows every year, including thanks to successful commercial projects. The shipbuilding got a new breath. In 2004, the oil ship

“Heydar Aliyev”, built for the Caspian Shipping Company of Azerbaijan, was launched at the shipyard Krasnoye Sormovo. This modern tanker can walk along rivers and sea, capable of transporting several varieties of petroleum products at the same time. The vessel with a carrying capacity of 13 thousand tons has a double bottom, which prevents oil spills in the event of an accident. Under the contract with the Caspian Shipping Company, Sormovtsy will build four more similar tankers.

4. Compare the Volga-Vyatka region with the already studied economic regions of Central Russia. Is it possible to say that some parts of the Volga-Vyatka region are similar to the Central one, and some to the Central Black Soil Region? What is the similarity and what are the differences?

This question is actually the same as the second question. The similarity of the Volga-Vyatka region with other economic regions can be explained by the peculiarity of its FGP. Neighborhood with these areas explains the similarity of natural conditions. The Volga-Vyatka region stretches from the north to the south and therefore its natural conditions are so diverse.

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The Volga-Vyatka region of Russia