Vladimir Afanasievich Obruchev (September 28 (October 10) 1863, Klephenino village, Tver Province – June 19, 1956, Moscow) – Russian geologist, paleontologist, geographer, science fiction writer (author of the famous novels “Sannikov Land” and “Plutonium”), advisor, academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1929), Hero of Socialist Labor (1945), laureate of the Stalin Prize (1941, 1950).
Vladimir Obruchev after graduating from the real school in the city of Vilna in 1881 continued his studies at the St. Petersburg Mining Institute. In 1886 he graduated from the institute, after which, at the suggestion of a talented teacher I. Mushketov, took part in an expedition to Central Asia.
A researcher in the geology of Siberia, Central and Middle Asia, discovered several ridges in the Nanshan mountains, Daursky and Borshchovochny ranges, and explored the Beishan highlands. In 1892-1894 Obruchev participated as a geologist in the fourth expedition of Gregory Potanin. In the 1890’s Obruchev engaged in the design of the Transcaspian and Trans-Siberian Railways. The first regular geologist of Siberia.
After the revolution of 1905, Obruchev was a member of the Constitutional Democratic Party. From 1901 to 1912, Obruchev worked at the Tomsk Institute of Technology and was the first dean of his mining department, from 1918 to 1919 – a professor at the Tavrichesky University in Simferopol, from 1921 to 1929 – a professor at the Moscow Mining Academy. Since 1930, Obruchev was chairman of the Commission for the study of permafrost, since 1939 – director of the permafrost Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences. From 1942 to 1946 – Academician-Secretary of the Department of Geological and Geographic Sciences of the USSR. Since 1947 – Honorary President of the Geographical Society of the USSR.