(June 25, 1882 – June 28, 1942)
Kupala Yanka (the real name is Ivan Dutenekovich Lutsevich) (25.06.1882, Inlet of the Minsk province – June 28, 1942 Moscow), poet, folk poet of the Byelorussian SSR (1925), academician of the Academy of Sciences of the BSSR (1929) and Ukrainian Academy of Sciences (1929), laureate of Stalin of the prize (1941). The son of the tenant. Worked as a home teacher, clerk, clerk, worker. Since 1905 he has been published. He became widely known even before the revolution: collections of poems “Zhaleika” (1908), “Guslyar” (1910), “Dear life” (1913), poems “Eternal Song” (1908), “Dream on the Mound” (1910), ” The Tomb of the Lion “(1913), etc. In 1914-15, the editor of the newspaper” Nasha Niva. “After the revolution, he enthusiastically accepted communism and became a living classic of Belarusian literature. In his poems (poem “Above the River Orezoy”, 1933, a collection of “Belarus Orderly,” 1937) sang of socialist construction and socialist transformation in Belarus. He is the author of a cycle of poems dedicated to the Communist Party and personally to Stalin. As a poet who received all-Russian fame until 1917, Kupala became the “winning card” of Soviet propaganda, the “Belarusian Gorky”. In 1945 his museum was created.
Materials from the book: Zalessky K. A. The Empire of Stalin. Biographical encyclopedic dictionary. Moscow, Veche, 2000.