(1904 – 1941)
Afinogenov Alexander Nikolayevich (1904 – 1941), playwright.
Born March 22 (April 4, 2007) in Skopin, Ryazan province in the family of a railway employee, who later became a writer (pseudonym – N. Stepnoy).
After graduation, Afinogenov entered the Moscow Institute of Journalism, which ends in 1924. In the same year he published his first play, Robert Tim. In 1927 – 29 in charge of the literary part, and later became the leader of the First Moscow Workers Theater Proletkult. Early plays by Afinogenov were influenced by the aesthetics of this organization of proletarian self-activity: the simplicity and schematic character of the characters.
In 1928 he wrote the play “The Wolf Trail”, which received approval of criticism. In 1929, at the Moscow Art Theater, the play “Chudak” was staged, one of the first Soviet plays dedicated to the foremost writers of socialist construction and the struggle against bureaucracy and careerism, and in 1930 – the play “Fear”.
In the early 1930s Afinogenov was one of the leaders of the RAAP (Russian Association of Proletarian Writers). In 1935 in the Theater. Evg. Vakhtangov was the play “Distant”, followed by the staging of the romantic drama “Salute, Spain!” (1936), plays “The Mother of His Children” (1939). The lyric comedy “Mashenka”, first staged by the same theater (1940), was very popular.
From the beginning of the Patriotic War Afinogenov headed the literary department Sovinformburo. In September he finished the play “The Day Before” about the struggle of Soviet people with the fascist invaders.
Afinogenov died during the Nazi air raid on Moscow. This happened on October 29, 1941.
A brief biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.