Shvarts Evgeniy Lvovich (1896 – 1958), prose writer, playwright.
Born October 9 (21 N. s.) In Kazan in the family doctor.
After graduation he entered the law faculty of Moscow University (1914 – 16). In the student years, continues, like in the gymnasium, to get involved in the theater and compose comic poems.
However, the events taking place in the country make the future writer change his plans. He leaves for Rostov-on-Don and settles in the Theater Workshop (1917 – 21). In 1921, together with the troupe, he moved to Petrograd and parted with the stage. At this time, he is drawing closer to the literary group “Serapion Brothers”, which included Sun. Ivanov, M.3oshenko, V. Kaverin and others.
In 1923 in the newspaper
In 1924 he returned to Leningrad and became a regular employee of the children’s department of the State Publishing House, the author of the magazines for children “Hedgehog” and “Chizh.” “The Story of the Old Balalaika” (1924) – his first book for children, then followed – “The Adventures of Shura and Marousi”, “Another’s Girl” (1937), “First Class” (1949).
In 1929 – 30 Schwartz wrote the first plays for the Leningrad Youth Theater: Underwood, The Treasure. Using scenes of folk tales and fairy tales by G. Kh. Andersen, Schwartz created his original plays with live stage characters. In 1934 the play “The Naked King” was written, in 1937 – “Little Red Riding Hood”, then – “Snow Queen”, “Shadow”. A great role in the dramatic work of Schwartz was played by close cooperation with the theater of the Comedy and its leader N. Akimov.
The beginning of the Patriotic War Schwartz “notes” the play “Under the Limes of Berlin” (1941), written jointly with M. Zoshchenko.
In the postwar years creates a number of popular plays: “Ordinary Miracle”, “The Tale of the Brave Soldier”. In his scripts films “Cinderella”, “First-grader”, “Don Quixote”, “Ordinary Miracle”, etc. were shot. E. Schwartz died on January 15, 1958 in Leningrad.
A short biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.