Conversational style: its main features
Conversational style is a style of speech that serves for direct communication between people. Its main function is communicative (information exchange). Conversational style is presented not only in oral speech, but also in written form – in the form of letters, notes. But mostly this style is used in oral speech – dialogues, polylogs.
It is characterized by the ease and unpreparedness of speech (the lack of consideration of the sentence before the statement and the preliminary selection of the necessary language material), unofficial, direct communication, the obligatory transfer of the author’s attitude to the interlocutor or the subject of speech, saving speech efforts (“Mash”, “Sash”, “San
Lexical characteristic of the colloquial style
Language differences of spoken language include the use of non-lexical means (accent, intonation, pace of speech, rhythm, pause, etc.). The linguistic peculiarities of the colloquial style include the frequent use of colloquial, prostitutional and slang words (for example, to “start” (start), “now” (now), etc.), words in figurative meaning (for example, “window” – in meaning “break”). Conversational style of the text is different in that in it very often words not only name objects, their signs, actions, but also give them an appreciation: “dodger”, “good man”, “careless”, “clever”, “prigolubit”, “cheerful” “.
Conversational style is also characterized by the use of words with magnifying or diminutive caressing suffixes (“spoon”, “little book”, “bread”, “seagull”, “pretty”, “tremendous”, “red”), phraseological turns (” “,” rushed
Conversational Style: Syntax Features
The syntax of this style is characterized by the use of simple sentences (most often compound and non-union), incomplete sentences (in dialogue), widespread use of exclamatory and interrogative sentences, absence of participial and adverbial turns in sentences, use of sentence words (negative, affirmative, .). This style is characterized by breaks in speech, which can be caused by different reasons (the excitement of the speaker, the search for the desired word, an unexpected jump from one thought to another).
The use of additional constructions that break the main sentence and introduce certain information, clarifications, comments, corrections, explanations also characterizes the conversational style.
In colloquial speech, complex sentences can also occur in which parts are linked together by lexico-syntactic units: the first part contains evaluation words (“clever”, “well done,” “fool”, etc.), and the second part substantiates this evaluation, for example: “Well done, that helped!” or “Fool Mishka, that you obeyed!”