Very often, congratulating our friends or relatives, we wish them a peaceful sky over their heads. We do not want their families to undergo the hard trials of war. War! These five letters carry a sea of blood, tears, suffering, and most importantly, the death of people dear to our heart. On our planet, wars have always been. Always the hearts of people overwhelmed the pain of loss. From everywhere where the war is going on, you can hear the moaning of mothers, the crying of children and the deafening explosions that tear our souls and hearts. To our great happiness, we know about the war only from feature films and literary works. A lot of trials fell to the lot of our country. At the beginning of the XIX century, Russia was shaken by the Patriotic War of 1812. The patriotic spirit of the Russian people was shown by Leo Tolstoy in his epic novel War and Peace. Guerrilla warfare, Borodino battle – all this and much more is before us personally. We become witnesses of the terrible
everyday life of war. Tolstoy narrates that for many people the war has become the most common thing. They (for example, Tushin) perform heroic deeds on the battlefields, but they do not notice it themselves. For them, war is a work that they must fulfill in good faith. But war can become commonplace not only on the battlefields. A whole city can get used to the idea of war and continue to live by reconciling with it. Such a city in 1855 was Sevastopol. About heavy months of defense of Sevastopol tells LN Tolstoy in his “Sevastopol stories.” Here, events are especially reliably described, since Tolstoy is their eyewitness. And after what he saw and heard in a city full of blood and pain, he set himself a definite goal – to tell his reader only the truth – and nothing but the truth. The bombing of the city did not stop. New and new fortifications were needed. Sailors, soldiers worked under the snow, rain, half-starved, half-naked, but they still worked. And here everyone is simply amazed by the courage of their spirit, will power, great patriotism. Together with them in this city lived
their wives, mothers, children. They are so used to the situation in the city that they did not pay any attention to the shots or to the explosions. Very often they brought dinners to their husbands right into the bastions, and one shell could often destroy the whole family. Tolstoy shows us that the worst thing in the war is in the hospital: “You’ll see doctors with bloody hands on their elbows… busy near the cot, on which, with their eyes open and saying, like in delirium, meaningless, sometimes simple and touching words, lies wounded under the influence of chloroform. “The war for Tolstoy is mud, pain, violence, whatever goals it pursues:” … you will see the war not in the right, beautiful and brilliant system, with music and drum battle, with fluttering banners and prancing generals, but you will see war in its present expression – in blood, in suffering, in death… “The heroic defense of Sevastopol in 1854-1855 once again shows everyone how much the Russian people love their Homeland and how boldly it becomes to protect it. il, using any means, he (the Russian people) does not allow the enemy to seize his native land. In 1941-1942 the defense of Sevastopol will repeat itself, but this will be another Great Patriotic War – 1941 – 1945. In this war against fascism, the Soviet people make an unusual feat, which we will always remember. M. Sholokhov, K. Simonov, B. Vasiliev and many other writers dedicated their works to the events of the Great Patriotic War. This difficult time is also characteristic of the fact that in the ranks of the Red Army, along with men, women fought. And even the fact that they are representatives of the weaker sex did not stop them. They fought with fear inside themselves and performed such heroic deeds, which, it seemed, were completely uncharacteristic for women. It is about these women, we learn from the pages of the story B. Vasiliev “A dawn here are quiet…”. that they are representatives of the weaker sex, did not stop them. They fought with fear inside themselves and performed such heroic deeds, which, it seemed, were completely uncharacteristic for women. It is about these women, we learn from the pages of the story B. Vasiliev “A dawn here are quiet…”. that they are representatives of the weaker sex, did not stop them. They fought with fear inside themselves and performed such heroic deeds, which, it seemed, were completely uncharacteristic for women. It is about these women, we learn from the pages of the story B. Vasiliev “A dawn here are quiet…”.
Five girls and their military commander F. Basque are on the Sinyukhina ridge with sixteen fascists, who are going to the railway, absolutely sure that nobody knows about the course of their operation. In a difficult situation were our soldiers: you can not retreat, but stay, as the Germans call them seeds. But there is no way out! Behind the back of the Motherland! And these girls are making a fearless feat. At the cost of their lives they stop the enemy and prevent him from implementing his terrible plans. And what carefree was the life of these girls before the war?! They studied, worked, enjoyed life. And suddenly! Airplanes, tanks, guns, shots, screams, moans… But they did not break down and gave away for the victory the most precious thing they had – life. They gave their lives for their country. But on earth there is a civil war on which a person can give his life without knowing for what. 1918 year. Russia. A brother kills a brother, a father a son, a son a father. Everything is mixed in the fire of anger, everything depreciates: love, kinship, human life. M. Tsvetaeva writes: Brothers, here she is the extreme bet! For the third year, Abel and Cain are already fighting… People are becoming weapons in the hands of the authorities. Splitting into two camps, friends become enemies, relatives – forever strangers. This difficult time narrates I. Babel, A. Fadeyev and many others. I. Babel served in the ranks of the First Cavalry Army of Budyonny. There he kept his diary, which later turned into the famous work “The Cavalry.” In the stories of “Cavalry” refers to a man who was in the fire of the Civil War. The protagonist Lytov tells us about individual episodes of the campaign of the First Cavalry Army of Budyonny, which was famous for its victories. But in the pages of the stories we do not feel a victorious spirit. We see the cruelty of the Red Army men, their cold-bloodedness and indifference. They can kill an old Jew without the slightest hesitation, but what is more terrible, they can finish off their wounded friend without a moment’s hesitation. But for what it’s all? I. Babel does not answer this question. He leaves behind his reader the right to think. The topic of war in Russian literature has been and remains relevant. Writers are trying to convey to the readers the whole truth, whatever it is. From the pages of their works we learn that war is not only the joy of victory and the bitterness of defeat, but the war is a harsh routine, filled with blood, pain, and violence. The memory of these days will live in our memory forever. Perhaps, the day will come when the moaning and crying of mothers, volleys and shots will cease on earth,