Biography Gershenzon Mikhail Osipovich

(1869-1925)

Gershenzon Mikhail Osipovich (1869-1925) is a historian of literature and Russian social thought. He graduated from the History and Philology Department of Moscow University (1894). Collaborated in many literary and artistic and scientific journals (“Russian thought”, “Scientific word”, “Herald of Europe”, etc.). He criticized the “positivist” confusion of the history of social, spiritual life and literature proper. He insisted on the need to share the history of literature (the evolution of literary forms) and the history of spiritual life (the mentality of the era). He attached exceptional importance to the latter (historians study society as an abstraction, whereas, according to Gershenzoia, “society does not seek, does not think, does not suffer, only individual people suffer and think”). I experienced the obvious influence of the ideas of Leo Tolstoy. He was the initiator and inspirer of the “Milestones”. After the October Revolution, unlike his former co-authors, he remained in Russia and collaborated with the Soviet authorities. He was the organizer and the first chairman of the All-Russian Union of Writers. He put into circulation a number of valuable archival materials, prepared for publication collections: “Russian Propylaea” (t. 1-4, 6, 1915-1919), “New Propylaea” (1923), “Arkhip Ogaryovyh” (1930). Gershenzon is the author of the books “The History of Young Russia” (1908), “P. Ya. Chaadaev: Life and Thinking” (1908), “The Life of V. S. Pecherin” (1910), “Images of the Past” (1312) Griboedovskaya Moscow “(1914),” The Wisdom of Pushkin “(1919),”...The Vision of the Poet “(1919),” The Key of Faith “(1922),” Golfstrom “(1922). After the October Revolution, unlike his former co-authors, he remained in Russia and collaborated with the Soviet authorities. He was the organizer and the first chairman of the All-Russian Union of Writers. He put into circulation a number of valuable archival materials, prepared for publication collections: “Russian Propylaea” (t. 1-4, 6, 1915-1919), “New Propylaea” (1923), “Arkhip Ogaryovyh” (1930). Gershenzon is the author of the books “The History of Young Russia” (1908), “P. Ya. Chaadaev: Life and Thinking” (1908), “The Life of V. S. Pecherin” (1910), “Images of the Past” (1312) Griboedovskaya Moscow “(1914),” The Wisdom of Pushkin “(1919),” The Vision of the Poet “(1919),” The Key of Faith “(1922),” Golfstrom “(1922). After the October Revolution, unlike his former co-authors, he remained in Russia and collaborated with the Soviet authorities. He was the organizer and the first chairman of the All-Russian Union of Writers. He put into circulation a number of valuable archival materials, prepared for publication collections: “Russian Propylaea” (t. 1-4, 6, 1915-1919), “New Propylaea” (1923), “Arkhip Ogaryovyh” (1930). Gershenzon is the author of the books “The History of Young Russia” (1908), “P. Ya. Chaadaev: Life and Thinking” (1908), “The Life of V. S. Pecherin” (1910), “Images of the Past” (1312) Griboedovskaya Moscow “(1914),” The Wisdom of Pushkin “(1919),” The Vision of the Poet “(1919),” The Key of Faith “(1922),” Golfstrom “(1922).


Biography Gershenzon Mikhail Osipovich