Mikhail Yurjevich Lermontov. Biography

Mikhail Yurjevich Lermontov. Biography

Mikhail Yurievich Lermontov is a Russian poet, prose writer and a 19th-century drthamist whose work was developing at the crossroads of romantic and realistic trends and was characterized by the discovery of new facets of psychology. Being in a broad sense the successor of Alexander Pushkin, he creatively rethought the traditions of his predecessor and defined a new stage in the development of Russian literature.

Life of M. Lermontov in dates and facts

October 15, 1814 – was born in Moscow. Soon after his birth, the family moved to Tarkhany of the Penza province, to the estate of EA Arsenieva, the grandmother of Lermontov, who came from the influential and wealthy family Stolypin. The mother of the future poet died when he was not even three years old; The father, at the behest of a despotic mother-in-law, was not admitted to his upbringing. Thus, the grandmother took care of all the worries about the young Michael.

In 1828, Lermontov enrolled in the Noble Boarding School at Moscow University, in which he showed remarkable ability to draw and literary creativity.

1830 – entered the Moscow University, where he was more engaged in writing than in the study of sciences. Two years later, he failed at the exam and was forced to transfer to the St. Petersburg School of Guards sub-lieutenants.

1834 – after graduating from the School of Junkers in the rank of officer entered the privileged Life Guards Hussar Regiment.

1835

– made an attempt to print the drama “Masquerade,” but the censorship assessed it as immoral and imposed a ban on publication.

In 1837, in response to the death of Pushkin, Lermontov wrote a poem “The Death of the Poet,” which brought him fame. The anti-self-directed orientation of this work caused the arrest of the young poet and his further transfer to the active army in the Caucasus. The stay in the Caucasus was reflected in Lermontov’s numerous poems, in a number of his romantic poems, in particular in Mtsyri and Demon, as well as in his realistic novel The Hero of Our Time. In the same year of 1837 the first Lermontov publication appeared – the poem “Song about Ivan Vasilyevich, a young oprichnik and a striking merchant Kalashnikov.” At the request of censorship, it was printed without the author’s signature. Then the famous Lermontov “Borodino” was published.

In 1838, thanks to the tireless efforts of his grandmother, Lermontov returned from exile to Petersburg and took center stage in the literary circles of the northern capital. For two years spent in St. Petersburg, he wrote a lot of lyrical works and finished the novel “The Hero of Our Time.”

In February 1840, because of his love rivalry, Lermontov was shooting a duel with the son of the French ambassador, Ernest de Barant. Despite the fact that the duel took place without bloodshed and ended with the reconciliation of opponents, the poet was again arrested and deported to the Caucasus. There Lermontov showed himself to be a fearless warrior, for which the authorities repeatedly represented him among others distinguished by the bravery of officers for awards and promotion in rank, but Tsar Nicholas I invariably deleted his name from the corresponding lists.

July 27, 1841 at the foot of Mount Mashuk duel took place between Lermontov and his classmate in the Junker school Nikolai Martynov. In terms of its conditions, it was not much different from camouflaged murder. Lermontov died at the site of the fight.


Mikhail Yurjevich Lermontov. Biography