Kireevsky Petr Vasilievich (1808, Dolbino, Kaluga Province – 1856, Kireevskaya Slobodka, Orel) is a Slavophile. The brother of IV Kireevsky. He received a serious home education; in 1822 he took lessons from the professors of Moscow. he listened to lectures in Munich. Owning seven languages, K. translated a lot. Determined in his Slavophile predilections and believing in the great destiny of Rus. people, K. since 1831 began to systematically record folk songs, dreaming to recreate the spiritual basis of the people, which they embodied. To this work, K. managed to attract many writers, among whom were AS Pushkin, NV Gogol, VI Dal, MP Pogodin. K. created a unique collection, numbering more than 10 thousand songs, which constituted an era in the national folklore. During the life of K. because of censorship difficulties, only 67 songs were printed. Despite a number of editions of Russian. and owls. time, most of the collection remains unpublished. The researcher of life KM O. Gershenzon came to the conclusion: “By not collecting folk songs or research in the field of Russian history, he fulfilled his life calling, but by the fact that at some point he appeared among the Russian educated society, as a living embodiment of the Russian folk spirit and as a living bond between the people and this society that is torn from the people. “
Short biography from the book: Shikman AP. Figures of national history. Biographical reference. Moscow, 1997.