In the indexes of forbidden books in the XVII century. was made an essay, briefly marked “On the Wizard”, which is a parody of the old translations from the Greek going to heaven. It is quite possible that the indication of the index refers to the story, known under the title “The Word of the Wizard, How to Enter Paradise.” The pretender to the settlement in paradise in this “Word” is not a pious person, all the feat of his life honored by admitting to paradise or even only his visions, and a drunkard, a brave, whose only merit was that he drank with every bucket for every bucket gentlemen, and, moreover, often at night prayed to God. When the brazier is dead, the Lord ordered the angel to take his soul and put heaven at the gates. Having done this, the
The plot of the story, used, incidentally, by L. Tolstoy in the story “Penitent Sinner”, is known in the West. With some variations, We meet with him in the French Fablio and in his German retelling. The first is the peasant, in the second – the miller. In the Russian version of admission to the Paradise, the brazier asks for a better place in paradise, and thus the satirical and parodic meaning of the story is strengthened, where the bearer of that vice, for adherence to which not only before, but also in the same 17th century, triumphs. relied on infernal torment, from which it was possible to get rid of only repentance in the monastery. The desire to oppose ecclesiastical preaching of asceticism with the assertion of the human right to earthly pleasures, even sinful from the point of view of the ordinary rules of pious behavior, clearly makes itself felt in the story.