The Tale of the Bridegroom

The Tale of the Bridegroom

In the indexes of forbidden books in the XVII century. was made an essay, briefly marked “On the Wizard”, which is a parody of the old translations from the Greek going to heaven. It is quite possible that the indication of the index refers to the story, known under the title “The Word of the Wizard, How to Enter Paradise.” The pretender to the settlement in paradise in this “Word” is not a pious person, all the feat of his life honored by admitting to paradise or even only his visions, and a drunkard, a brave, whose only merit was that he drank with every bucket for every bucket gentlemen, and, moreover, often at night prayed to God. When the brazier is dead, the Lord ordered the angel to take his soul and put heaven at the gates. Having done this, the

angel went away, and the bride began to knock on the heavenly doors. At the knock of the sailor, the apostles turn out alternately – Peter, then Pavel, the kings David and Solomon, in some lists – St. Nicholas. All of them do not allow the sorcerer to go to paradise, arguing that it is not “a brave man here.” The brave of all of them convicts, remembering the misdeeds of each of them, and they, confounded, move away from the doors of paradise. When John the Evangelist, a friend of the Christians, tries to prevent the sorcerer from entering paradise, he reproaches John: “And you wrote with Luke in the Gospel: love one another, but God loves everyone, but you hate the stranger, and you hate me!” John the Theologian! Either sign off your hands, or words otopris! ” In response to these words, John the Theologian says to the sailor: “Thou art our man, brave man, bring us into paradise” – and opens the heavenly gates to him. Entering paradise, the brider sits down “in the best place.” Holy Fathers, irritated by his deed, ask why he entered paradise, and even sat in a better place, to which they themselves do not dare to proceed. But, not embarrassed, the brider answers them: “Holy Fathers, you do not know how to talk to a sorcerer, not just that with sober!” And they all said to him: “Blessed be thou, braver, by that place for ever and ever.”

The plot of the story, used, incidentally, by L. Tolstoy in the story “Penitent Sinner”, is known in the West. With some variations, We meet with him in the French Fablio and in his German retelling. The first is the peasant, in the second – the miller. In the Russian version of admission to the Paradise, the brazier asks for a better place in paradise, and thus the satirical and parodic meaning of the story is strengthened, where the bearer of that vice, for adherence to which not only before, but also in the same 17th century, triumphs. relied on infernal torment, from which it was possible to get rid of only repentance in the monastery. The desire to oppose ecclesiastical preaching of asceticism with the assertion of the human right to earthly pleasures, even sinful from the point of view of the ordinary rules of pious behavior, clearly makes itself felt in the story.


The Tale of the Bridegroom