Since childhood we have been taught goodness and justice, are taught to distinguish truth from lies, good from evil, unselfishness from envy, teach how to act in life correctly, protect honor and dignity, and the first duty of parents at all times was to give a good upbringing to their children. The seventeen-year-old Peter Grinev was very happy when his father decided that it was time to go to the service: “It’s hard to describe my admiration.” The thought of service merged in me with thoughts of freedom, of the pleasures of Petersburg life. “I imagined myself an officer of the guard, which, in my opinion in my opinion, was the height of the well-being of the human. ” When my mother reminded her husband “to bow to me from Prince B.” so that he would not leave “Petrush with his favors”, Andrei Petrovich was indignant and decided that instead of going to work in St. Petersburg “to shake and shabby,” “
Peter Grinev’s father was a straightforward and honest man, with a sense of dignity, and the service understood as a duty, and not as a means to make a career. When he said goodbye, he said to his son: “Serve right, to whom you will swear, obey your superiors, do not pursue their affection, do not ask for service, do not dissuade from the service, and remember the proverb: protect the dress again, and honor – in youth.” By foolishness and inexperience, having lost to captain Zurin
When Grinev arrived in Orenburg for a general, in a letter from his father, they wished to “keep the son in the gloves” and not give him the will, “to which the general replied:” if you are in the service of the present, you will learn discipline. ” In the Belogorsky fortress Petrusha gets acquainted with the family of Mironovs, and soon between the daughter of the captain and Grinev, sincere feelings flash. Defending Masha’s good name from the attacks of Shvabrin, Grinev was seething with indignation. In response to Shvabrin’s words: “I know from experience her temper and custom” Grinev accused (and quite rightly) Shvabrin in lies, and they agreed on a duel. The conspiracies and “reasonings of the prudent lieutenant” Ivan Ignatich did not work on Grinev, especially since Shvabrin continued to make harsh remarks about Masha.
The first attempt to get even was unsuccessful, but the desire to punish the “daring evil tongue” became even stronger, and soon the opportunity presented itself. Only Savelich, who was in a hurry to protect his pupil, prevented Grinev from inflicting the decisive blow to Shvabrin. After this unsuccessful duel, Grinev and his father quarreled. My father was very angry and was going to teach his son “like a little boy”, saying that he was not yet worthy to wear a sword worn to defend the fatherland, and not for dueling. These were only the first steps of Peter Grinev in comprehending the complex science of protecting honor and dignity. Lessons learned in childhood helped the young man become brave, just, generous, compulsory. Even Pugachev appreciated his honesty, sincerity, straightforwardness, and this revealed the uniqueness of Pugachev’s personality, although, on the conviction of Grinev, Pugachev – a monster, and his associates – “a band of robbers.” But everyone can appreciate the true qualities of a decent person.