The culture of speech is a relatively young area of the science of language. As an independent section of this doctrine, it took shape due to the influence of radical social changes that have occurred in our country in recent years. In particular, the increased attention to raising the level of the culture of speech is due to the involvement of the masses in public activity.
How does a person use his speech for communicative purposes? Does she have the right or wrong? When a person actually does not make mistakes in the formation and use of the forms of words, in pronunciation, in the construction of sentences, in this case there is a correctness of speech. But this is not enough. The speech may well be correct, but still bad. In other words, it may not correspond to the conditions
The accuracy of speech is the selection of such words and sentences that are most capable of expressing the content of a particular utterance, revealing its theme, the main idea. Rich speech is when a person has an extremely rich vocabulary and skillfully and competently uses it. Expressiveness is usually created by the selection of language tools that best match the tasks and conditions of communication.
The correctness of speech is nothing more than compliance with the current norms of the Russian literary language. If a person is endowed with the right, good and competent speech, he is able to achieve the highest level of speech culture. That is, he not only does not allow himself to make mistakes, but also knows how to best construct his statements, taking into account the purpose of communication, and also to select the words and combinations that are most appropriate in each individual case, taking into account the circumstances.
Right speech is one of the most important indicators of a person’s cultural level in general. After all, for an oral presentation to the public to be successful, it must be understandable and expressive, and this is achieved by clear and
In addition, speech often spoils when it is “contaminated” with words-parasites or dialectisms. What are these contaminants? Words-parasites do not carry any semantic load, that is, if they are completely removed from the sentence, it will not change its meaning at all, but the correctness of speech will increase noticeably. Yes, and by ear, speech, devoid of such words, sounds much more pleasant. What would you think of a man if he wrote his poem: “Above the gray-haired type of the plain of the sea, the wind gathers as if clouds, and in general, between the clouds and the sea, the puffin storm flies proudly”? Surely such a poet would hardly have been included in the school curriculum.
As for dialectisms, these linguistic features, characteristic of individual parts of the country, are also often interspersed with literary speech. This is a deviation from the norm. Dialectisms are distinguished in the following way: phonetic (for example, “yakane” – “heels”, “sastra”, etc., or in the end the letter “x” instead of “g” – “sneh”, “vrah”, “druh”); grammatical (“sit”, “run”, “go to the house,” etc.); word-formative (“especially” instead of “especially”, “bilberry” instead of “blueberry”, etc.); lexical (the words are synonyms that correspond to literary ones: “hefty” – “very”, “kochet” – “cock”, synonyms that have a different meaning: “weather”
Of course, the use of such words is possible if it is necessary to give your story more color, but their constant use undoubtedly spoils the correctness of speech and can create an impression of a person who does not know the norms of the literary language.