Contrasting youth with loneliness and old age is the problem over which the author reasons.
This moral question belongs to the category of the eternal, as not one person meditated on it for centuries. Particular attention was paid to the problem of writers and poets of different eras.
Masterfully contrasting two bright metaphors, one that symbolizes youth: “How good, how fresh were the roses,” the other is old age: “The candle fades and goes out.” IS Turgenev brings us to the idea: youth is happy that she has there is a future, but it is replaced by old age, and with it, and loneliness.
I share the author’s point of view. No one feels how youth goes away, but everyone feels when she is already gone.
Let us recall Tolstoy’s novel War and Peace. The personification of youth, happiness is Natasha Rostov – a sensitive, cheerful person. She lives a busy life, rejoices and grieves, laughs and cries. How good is Tolstoy’s heroine on her first ball! Natasha, unlike Pierre’s wife, is ugly, but charming because of her freshness, youth, inexperience! So you want to quote IS Turgenev: “How good, how fresh were the roses.”
Tolstoy-master comprehended not only the charm of youth, but also the hopelessness of old age. In just a few words he paints us the impotence of the dying Count Bezukhov. Most recently, a handsome man, the count now can not turn over himself. A description of the helplessly fallen hand! And the dying count and his son realize how she, who has come to old age, is terrible and ugly!
Thus, the poem in IS Turgenev’s prose “How good, how fresh roses were” became a symbol of juxtaposition of youth and old age.