Basic facts on the topic “Antarctica”

Basic facts on the topic “Antarctica”

    The physico-geographical position of Antarctica is determined by its location around the South Pole within the Southern Arctic Circle. Therefore Antarctica is the coldest continent on Earth. Antarctica was opened in 1820 by a Russian expedition led by Thaddeus Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev. The members of the Norwegian expedition led by Rual Amundsen reached the South Pole for the first time. The second reached this point Englishman Robert Scott. Antarctica is the mainland of international cooperation, which does not belong to any state, but on which scientific research stations of many countries are located. In Antarctica, since 1995, the Ukrainian Antarctic station “Academician Vernadsky” has been operating. The severity of the natural conditions of Antarctica is explained by the peculiarities of its geographical location within the boundaries of the Southern Arctic Circle. According to the nature of the relief and geological structure, Antarctica is divided into the Western and Eastern regions. West Antarctica is a lowland. Eastern – sublime. Antarctica is mainly located in the Antarctic climatic zone. This is the coldest continent of the planet. The organic world of the Antarctic desert is poor. Life is concentrated in the coastal part. Typical animals are birds, in particular penguins, and mammals are seals.

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Basic facts on the topic “Antarctica”