Population and economy of the Volga region

1. What features of the population were influenced by the Volga and its tributaries?

At all times, the development of territories and resettlement went on the rivers. In the forest regions the rivers were the main transport arteries, and water supply is necessary for the management of any economy and life in general.

Fisheries and the development of commerce were directly connected with the Volga, fair centers arose in the places where large tributaries flow into the confluence. As stated in the text of the paragraph, “each of the key points on the Volga caused the birth of a large city.”

2. What branches of economic specialization of the Volga region are defined by the Volga river artery? And what do not depend on it?

The Volga River Artery defines such branches of specialization in the Volga region as the electric power industry based on the Volga hydroelectric power station cascade, fish industry, vegetable growing. They are not connected with

the Volga, but they use the advantageous transport and geographic position of machine building and, especially, the automotive industry.

3. Under the influence of what reasons and how the list of branches of specialization of the Volga region expanded and changed?

The abolition of serfdom led to a massive population of the Volga region, the region became the largest producer of grain. During the Great Patriotic War, as a result of the evacuation of enterprises from the western regions, the leading branch is machine building, especially the production of weapons.

After the discovery of oil deposits in the region, refining and petrochemistry were developed. The process of conversion that began during the period of perestroika also affected the Volga region. Some of the district’s plants are coping with the conversion problem very successfully. Find on the map west of Kazan a small town Zelenodolsk. Since the 1950’s. Zelenodolsky “Sergo Plant” is considered the world leader in the production of ammunition for small caliber artillery and other military equipment. Until now, the

enterprise retains its potential in the defense industry, but during the conversion the plant has mastered the production of a large range of cultural and household goods: gas fireplaces, bio-toilets, car bodies, cycle brakes, shock absorbers for cars, leather goods. Also produced are rotor lines, complex parts for agricultural machinery; design services perform custom jobs. Now the enterprise is a large manufacturer of household appliances. The plant can produce up to 500 thousand refrigerators Mir and Sviyaga and freezers Sviyaga. In recent years, the “Sergo Plant” has become a leader in the market of refrigerators and freezers in Uzbekistan and other countries of Central Asia, expanding supplies of household and medical equipment, shock absorbers.

4. The Volga region is an area where environmental problems are sharply manifested. List them. How to explain the severity of their manifestations?

The most acute environmental problems in the Volga region arose in connection with:

    With the creation of reservoirs on the Volga, as a result of which processes of self-purification of river waters were disrupted. As is known, in the flowing water the processes of biological self-cleaning are incomparably faster and more intense than in the standing one; With the development of a powerful petrochemical and other industries, which has constantly outstripped the construction of treatment facilities. And now their capacity is not enough to cope with the flow of sewage entering the Volga. Therefore, the Volga water, especially in the lower reaches, is heavily polluted. Far from normal and the atmosphere of the Volga cities; With a long intensive agricultural impact, which led to the strongest water and wind erosion of the Volga area.

5. The fate of the city is largely determined by its geographical location. Study the geographic location of the cities of the Volga region described in this paragraph. Is there anything in common that determines the origin of these and other cities along the axis of the Volga?

Common to the emergence and development of the largest Volga cities is their position not only on the Volga itself, but also, as a rule, at the intersection of sublatitudinal transport routes.

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Population and economy of the Volga region