Autumn phenomena of nature

It is very important for the diversified development of babies to pay attention to the seasonal changes of the world around us. For example, with the beginning of September, it is necessary to celebrate the autumn phenomena of nature, both living and nonliving. This is done on walks, during painting, manual work, speech development.

Autumn phenomena of nature in an inanimate world

First of all, seasonal changes in inanimate nature should be noted. Older children can already keep a weather calendar, drawing in it special badges and conducting comparative analysis with the past months. It is very important to monitor the plants and animals that inhabit the zoo corner. It should lead the guys to the conclusion that the autumn phenomena of nature are divided into changes that occur in inanimate and living nature. Autumn phenomena in inanimate nature include a number of signs of this season.

1. The light day is shortened: the morning comes later, and the evening –


2. The air temperature goes down – it gets colder every day.

3. The sunny days are getting smaller, often the sky is obscured by clouds and clouds.

4. It is raining more and more often, the wind blows.

5. The wind became stronger and colder, the air is filled with dampness.

6. Leaves on trees lose their green color, they become dry.

7. The grass has dried up, and the flowers have wilted.

8. The leaves break from the trees and fall off.

Aesthetic side of autumn phenomena

It is extremely important to draw the attention of children not only to the autumn phenomena of nature as such, but also to help the emerging personalities feel the beauty of the surrounding world. Learning the tongue twisters, riddles, poems, songs of the autumn theme develops the vocabulary of kids, teaches you to notice the beautiful in everyday life. Very useful are excursions to the forest or park, where the children are given the task: to collect beautiful leaves, cones, acorns, dry twigs of interesting shape, from which later the children will make various crafts, appliques

and pictures in the manual work under the guidance of the tutor.

Autumn phenomena in wildlife

Be sure to bring the children to find the answer to the question: “And what are the phenomena of nature in the living world around us?” The answers to this question can be such.

Insects hide with the onset of cold weather. Many birds in the early autumn gather in flocks, prepare to fly to warmer countries, and by the middle of this period their departure begins. Many wild animals are stored for the winter with food. Fur animals change summer fur coats to winter ones: gray hares turn into white, red squirrels – in gray-blue, podpushek at fur of animals becomes more abundant. People harvest crops from vegetable gardens, prepare it for storage. Work is carried out on the plots: the soil is digested with the addition of organic fertilizers, some crops are planted, the beds with perennial plants are warmed.

Properties of natural phenomena

Getting acquainted with natural phenomena, one should note their interrelation with each other. For example, a fall in temperature in the fall contributes to the fact that all insects are hiding, falling asleep. And the trees drop leaves because winter is approaching, when the light day is very much reduced. But the leaves need a sun for life. And with the onset of frost, the amount of moisture in the earth will be limited, practically reduced to zero. To keep useful substances inside, the tree sheds foliage, because the internal moisture evaporates through it.

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Autumn phenomena of nature