The theme is the subject of the work. then, what is said in this text. It determines the selection of material, facts, phenomena, signs, which are reflected in the composition. The correctness and completeness of the composition depends on how the topic is formulated by the teacher, how the schoolchildren are brought to its understanding. The first in time and in importance step in the work of the teacher over writing is the choice of the topic, and when planning for a long period – the definition of the subject of works, stories.
The theme and title of the composition do not always coincide. For example, the children are offered the theme “First signs of spring”. Of course, the composition can be so entitled. But the teacher (in the third grade the children themselves)
Superficial disclosure of the topic is one of the typical shortcomings of children’s stories and works. But not the only one. Not always children are able to find the boundaries of the topic. They write about everything that even remotely connects in their minds with the topic. In other words, the topic turns out to be inaccurately understood. In working on a story or writing, one can go from the accumulated material to a topic or from a designated topic through observations to the material for writing.
For the harmonious development of students, both methods are important. And in the first case, the teacher organizes training, sometimes