Natural conditions and resources of Eastern Siberia

Natural conditions and resources of Eastern Siberia

Determine the distance separating the European Center from Eastern Siberia, assess the transport conditions, locate the population and assess the physical, economic and geographical situation of Eastern Siberia.

Moscow is 3375 km from Krasnoyarsk, the western borders of the East Siberian economic region from the eastern borders of Central Russia are -3100 km. By rail from Samara to Krasnoyarsk – also about 3000 km.

These distances can be determined from the geographic regionalization map or on the Russian transport map, by measuring the distance in centimeters with a ruler, and then using the scale.

The economic and geographical position of Eastern Siberia is considered one of the most unprofitable. The territory has been removed from almost all possible consumers of raw materials and products, and besides these, on the way to these consumers lie the resources of Western Siberia and the Far East that have roughly the same resources. It is more profitable to master the resources of these areas. Involvement of the region in the internal Russian division of labor is hindered by small transport development. Only in the south are the main automobile and railway routes, and the central parts of the area and the north are oriented to water transport.

Among the huge, but still unclaimed resources of Eastern Siberia, the world’s largest Tunguska coal basin, small but very important Minusinsk and Irkutsk-Cheremkhovsky basins, is distinguished. A lot of coal with a low cost is mined in KATEK. The region is rich in copper-nickel-cobalt, iron, polymetallic ores, as well as gold, ores of other precious metals, uranium ores. Deposits of aluminum raw materials are explored.

The natural conditions of the territory allow us to develop agriculture only in the southern parts of the region, where the agroclimatic potential is quite large. In the north, conditions are favorable for the development of reindeer husbandry.

The hydropower potential of Eastern Siberia is great. On the Yenisey and its tributaries, it is possible to build power stations with a total potential of more than 60 million kW. The largest reservoir of fresh fresh water is Lake Baikal.

However, many of the riches of Eastern Siberia are not yet mastered, this is hampered by remoteness and unclaimedness.

“The Yenisei Valley is the boundary of the features of nature between Western and Eastern Siberia.” Using maps of the atlas, give

evidence of this statement.

Indeed, the Yenisei valley divides the West Siberian lowland and the Central Siberian plateau; a young plate with a powerful cover of sedimentary rocks and an ancient platform with traps and shields. Along the Yenisei, the boundary of permafrost descends to the south. For the Yenisey begins the kingdom of larch – the only tree species that tolerates the permafrost in the soil.

What climatic features of the region for economic activities and people’s lives?

The cold winters and sharp winds, especially on the coast of the Arctic Ocean, make the economic activity and life of the population particularly difficult. Unfavorable for life and permafrost.

Siberian rivers are characterized by their own special regime. Do they lose their identity as a result of the construction of a hydroelectric station? What environmental problems occur in this case?

The construction of a hydro power plant largely regulates the flow, making it more smooth and calm. In mountainous areas, the area of ​​flooding is low. However, there are other troubles in Siberia. A specific local climate is created around large reservoirs. For example, in the Krasnoyarsk reservoir, water does not freeze even in the coldest winters, which significantly worsens the ecological situation.

In Eastern Siberia, which extends in the same latitudes as the East European Plain and Western Siberia, there is no pronounced latitudinal zoning of soil and vegetation zones. Why?

This is explained by the elevation of the territory and the widespread distribution of permafrost.

Do you think that it is legitimate to allocate the region of the Far North from the entire territory of Western and Eastern Siberia? How would you spend its southern border? What are the distinctive features of nature and population called?

The Far North is naturally separated from the whole territory of Western and Eastern Siberia.

The natural boundary of this territory could be drawn along the southern border of the forest-tundra. In the administrative plan it would include the Yamal-Nenets and Taimyr Autonomous Districts. The main distinctive feature of the Far North is the dominance of the tundra and forest-tundra, the “focal” placement of the population, and the inaccessibility of the territories.

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Natural conditions and resources of Eastern Siberia