(1805 – 1827)
Venevitinov Dmitry Vladimirovich (1805 – 1827), poet, critic.
Born September 14 (26 N. s.) In Moscow in a noble family. He received a wonderful home education (seriously engaged in languages, painting, music).
In 1822 – 24 as an auditor attended lectures at the Moscow University. He was fond of not only history, philosophy and the theory of literature, but also mathematics and the natural sciences. Having passed exams for the course of the university, he entered the service in the Moscow archive of the College of Foreign Affairs, but his main occupation was literature.
Venevitinov became one of the organizers of the Moscow “Society of Wisdom”, which aimed to study idealistic philosophy and romantic aesthetics. The poet considers self-knowledge to be the ultimate goal of man and mankind, which for him is the way to the harmony of peace and personality.
The main theme of the poems of Venevitinov is the fate of the poet (Poet, 1826, Poet and Friend, 1827). He dedicates poetry to friends, loved ones, beloved (he was hopelessly in love with Zinaida Volkonskaya): “To my goddess” (1826), “Elegy” (1827), “Testament”.
Among the literary critical articles is Raabor’s article on “Eugene Onegin,” highly praised by A. Pushkin, who also wrote about painting and music.
His poems “The Death of Byron” (1825), “The Song of the Greek”, “Novgorod” (1826) express freedom-loving ideas and moods. He sympathized with the Decembrists.
In October 1826, Venevitinov was transferred to St. Petersburg for service, at the entrance to which he was arrested on suspicion of involvement in the plot on December 14. Two days spent in custody in a damp and cold room shocked him physically and morally. Six months later, he suddenly died of a severe cold on March 15 (27th century), 1827. He was buried in Moscow.
A short biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.