(1795 – 1826)
Ryleev Kondraty Fedorovich (1795 – 1826), a poet. Was born on September 18 (29 N. p.) In the village. Batovo Petersburg province in the family of an army officer, a poor landowner. He was educated in the Cadet Corps (1801-14) in St. Petersburg, released as an ensign in artillery and sent to the army, who was on a foreign campaign. Stay in Germany, Switzerland and especially in France did not pass without a trace for the young officer.
The victory over Napoleon prompts him to take up the pen, there are odes: “Love of the Fatherland” (1813), “Prince of Smolensk” (1814).
Since 1817, transferred to Russia, Rileyev serves in the Voronezh province. Like other advanced officers, he was burdened by Arakcheev’s orders in
In 1821 – 24 Rileyev served as a judge of the Criminal Chamber, in 1824 he entered the Russian-American company as the ruler of the Chancery.
In St. Petersburg, he approaches the metropolitan writers, becomes a member of the “Free Society of Lovers of Russian Literature”. A special place in the poet’s work is occupied by the poetic cycle of the Duma (1821-23), whose aim was “to remind the youth of the exploits of their ancestors, to acquaint them with the brightest epochs of people’s history…”.
In 1825 he wrote the poem “Voynarovsky”, containing the propaganda of political ideas of the Decembrists; in it the credo of Ryleev is expressed: “I am not a poet, but a citizen”. In the same year he wrote a historical poem “Nalivaiko”, a political elegy “Citizen”.
In 1823 he was admitted to the Northern Secret Society, soon becoming one of its leaders. In the days before the uprising he displayed exceptional energy, becoming the soul of the upcoming coup, insisting on the need for decisive action.
Arrested and imprisoned in the Peter and Paul Fortress, Rileyev, in a letter to the tsar, took all the blame on himself, trying to save his comrades.
He was executed on July 13 (25 BC) in 1826 in St. Petersburg.
A short biography from the book: Russian writers and poets. A short biographical dictionary. Moscow, 2000.