Types of word combinations by stem word
Depending on the affiliation of the main word to one or another part of speech, the lexico-grammatical types of word combinations differ: verbal, nominal and adverbial. In more detail, the classification by such a feature can be represented as follows.
– Verbal word combinations with a dependent noun and pronoun:
Unprejudiced. for example: to buy bread, to pity people, to write with a pencil, to fill with water, to like it;
Prepositional. for example: go to the pier, sit down on the ground, talk with a friend, think about life, settle down by the road, get out of the influence, turn to him.
– Verbal word combinations with a dependent infinitive or gerundive. for example: ask to come, offer a rest, go to the hospital; go without looking, sit thinking.
– Verb phrases with an adverb. for example: to act correctly, to express vaguely, to tell fascinatingly, to repeat twice, to double, to settle
at the top.
– Substantive word combinations (with the main word – noun):
With a noun as a dependent word:
Unprejudiced. for example: the threshold of the house, the speech of the president, the secretary of the meeting, a glass of water, dinner time;
Prepositional. for example: a table under a tree, pain from a bruise, an excerpt from a composition, people from the street, a bottle of milk, a danger to the child, the road to the heart, swimming under water, details about the process;
With the adjective as a dependent word: iron bed, useful work, active participation, sable cap;
With a pronominal adjective as a dependent word, for example: my book, your family, every person, every morning, someone’s story;
With the ordinal numerals as a dependent word, for example: the second day, the sixth company;
With communion as a dependent word, for example: a read book, an ironed shirt, a loving woman;
With an adverb as a dependent word, for example: hit backhand, walk on foot, cap on one side, coffee in Turkish;
With an infinitive as a dependent
word, for example: the intention to return, the ability to tell, the desire to flash.
– Adjective phrases (with the main word – adjective):
With a noun as a dependent word:
Unprejudiced. for example: full of embarrassment, submissive to fate, pathetic with weakness;
Prepositional. for example: black from sunburn, harmful to health, the last of the horsemen, ready to leave, black with graying;
With a pronoun as a dependent word:
Unprejudiced. for example: we need you, pleasant to you;
Prepositional. for example: close to yourself, difficult for us;
With an adverb as a dependent word, for example: in summer green, friendly caring, very scary, pretty nice, old-fashioned stoop, empty inside;
With an infinitive as a dependent word, for example: ready to fight, capable of loving.
– Phrase words with a numeral (including substantivized) as the main word, for example: the third from the end, the first of three, the fifth of passengers, two books, three in greatcoats.
– Phrases with pronoun as the main word. for example: each of us, my brother and I.
Adverbs with an adverb as a dependent word, for example: very cleverly, very skillfully, quite the same, too sharply, barely audible, quite recently, far behind, deliberately loud.
Adverbial phrases with a noun as a dependent word:
Unprejudiced. for example: in the autumn of last year, faster than a bird (to fly), better than a friend;
Prepositional. for example: funny to tears, away from friends, low over the earth, shortly before the holiday.