A. de Saint-Exupéry
Ernest Miller Hemingway – the largest American writer of the XX century, Nobel Prize winner. He was a unique, talented person who courageously and freely lived his life, repeatedly confirming the phrase that was dropped once: “I’m not afraid of anything.” The author of novels “Farewell, Arms!”, “For Whom the Bell Tolls”, Hemingway wrote novels, short stories, poems, was an excellent journalist.
In the spring of 1936, Hemingway published an essay in which he told of an episode of fishing in the Gulf Stream. The old fisherman caught a big fish, long dragging a boat. When he was found, the fish was eaten by sharks, and the fisherman sobbed in despair. This original event became the basis for the philosophical
The old man Santiago is a seasoned fisherman, who has worked all his life struggling with hardship and dangers. The scars on his hands are “old, like cracks in a long-deserted desert”. His whole life is connected with the sea. The sea feeds the fishermen. But it does not want to give anything voluntarily. People are fighting an eternal struggle with the ocean in the struggle for existence. This struggle made Santiago a strong and strong-willed person. Only such people are yielding to nature some of their wealth, if a person learns to understand the language of nature, to feel her deep and complex life. Spending many days in the ocean, the old man Santiago feels himself a part of nature. He talks to the stars, with the fish caught, with a small bird. The hero of Hemingway is connected with the sea by some inner ties. Even in old age his eyes were like a color on the sea. “These were the cheerful eyes of a man who does not give up,” – Hemingway writes. The three-day duel with the caught fish Santiago “won”. “A man is not created to suffer defeat, a man can be destroyed, but he can not be defeated,” says the old fisherman and proves it with his courage.
Santiago understands both the responsibility of man to nature, feels guilty before her. He says to the caught fish: “Fish, I love you very much and respect you, but I’ll kill you before the evening comes…” “Shall I fish you?” God sees, it’s not easier for me myself. ” The old man is burdened by the thought that a man extorts food from the sea, kills his fellow-fish, birds, animals. “How good that we do not have to kill the sun, the moon, the stars…”
The story “The Old Man and the Sea” not only evokes pride in the Man, which can not be defeated. It makes you think about the principles of its existence, about the attitude to life and nature. A person can do much, he can be stronger than nature itself. But he must understand his eternal connection with her and eternal guilt. While Man is guided by conscience and reason in relations with Nature, she tolerates our coexistence and shares her wealth.