The first novel of Cervantes “Galatea” was written in a traditional manner, but the usual artistic means and techniques received a new, deeper philosophical content in it. His distinctive feature, which later determined the construction of the novel “Don Quixote”, was the erection of an idealized world of feelings and relationships into the rank of a higher reality. Here, for the first time, emerged the outlines of the utopia of the “golden age”, which later formed the most important semantic line of “Don Quixote”.
A new stage in the writer’s creative development marked his plays, which reflected the combination of heroism and irony, as well as a system of Renaissance ideas about the world and man.
A striking phenomenon of the novelism of the Renaissance is the Cervantesian “Teaching novels,” in which a new principle of plot construction was developed, suggesting the combination of a detailed narrative narrative with satirical, adventure and philosophical elements. This principle was embodied in the novel “The Wanderings of Persioles and Sikhismunda”, where humanistic thinking and overcoming all obstacles were brought to the main actors.
“Don Quixote”, recognized as a masterpiece of word art, entered the history of world literature as a model of the first European novel of a new type, which became the main one in the classical literary tradition until the end of the 19th century. The artistic and philosophical discoveries made by the writer in this novel, to this day, have a huge impact on world culture, and his hero joined the treasury of “eternal images”, standing on a par with Prometheus, Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, Faust, Don Juan and other