The most important sea routes connecting the countries of Europe and Africa with the New World pass through the Atlantic Ocean. On the coast and the islands of the Atlantic are world famous recreation areas and tourism. The busiest sea routes run between 35-40 ° and 55-60 ° N. w.
Historically, the Atlantic Ocean has long become a place for intensive fishing and hunting for whales, seals, walruses. Most of the fish catch is in the northern part of the ocean. In addition to fish, crabs, squids, lobsters, oysters, and lobsters are caught in the ocean.
Even in the Stone Age, the tribes that lived along the coasts collected branches moistened with sea moisture and tree trunks, and, using them, burned ash instead of salt. On the coast of Syria and Lebanon, to this day, ancient
The bottom of the Atlantic Ocean is rich in minerals. Underwater coal deposits are developed by Great Britain and Canada. From the seabed, almost half of the world’s oil is now produced. There is a whole oil and gas producing fleet, which includes floating drilling platforms. Most of the oil wells drilled at the bottom of the Gulf of Mexico and the North Sea.
Recently, excessive fishing and fishing for marine animals have led to a significant reduction in the biological resources of the Atlantic, so urgent measures must be taken to restore them.
The ecological state of the Mediterranean and the North Seas is also of concern. The biggest source of pollution of the North Sea is oil, falling into the sea from ships and drilling platforms. In addition, it is estimated that every year only about 20 thousand tons of garbage – plastic and other plastic bags, scraps of fishing nets, ropes, etc., are thrown out of the sea at sea alone, and tens of millions of tons are thrown off the land every year harmful and toxic substances.
Thus, the Atlantic Ocean is no longer able to self-clean and restore its biological resources. Preservation of its nature is the task of the entire world community.