The desire of every person to break out in life – to become better, smarter, richer, completely understandable. It is worthy of respect for his desire to rise a step higher. The main thing here is not to look ridiculous, imitating only some external signs and remaining internally all at the same level. Here is the hero of Moliere’s comedy “The Bourgeois in the Nobility”, Mr. Jourdain set himself the goal of “moving” from the philistine class to the nobility – to become a nobleman. He wants everything at once: both nobility, and education, and delicate manners, and general culture, and following fashion, and brilliant acquaintances.
It would seem, his desire to “ponabra mind-reason” is more than commendable. It’s wonderful that he is not ashamed to admit his ignorance and hire teachers in all subjects – from philosophy to fencing: “Let them pull me out now, with all, just to know everything that they teach
But how ridiculous is he, wanting to reach the heights of science and culture in a few days! How comical his “discovery” is, that he, it turns out, speaks prose! How annoying that he allows himself to be deceived by a whole regiment of charlatans – so-called teachers! And yet, in his desire to learn, he is higher than Mrs. Jourdain, Cleonte, Nicole’s maid-servants of common sense. This is the genius of Moliere, that, going beyond the framework of classicism, he creates his characters not uniquely positive or negative, but shows them by living people, with advantages and disadvantages. It’s another matter when, in pursuit of the external signs of a high society, Mr. Jourdain puts on the most ridiculous costume, because “All gentlemen are so worn” when it is important to shout: “Hey, my two footmen!” A tailor with helpers easily lures money from him, just raising his title – from “Your Grace” to “Your Grace”. Just as easily, Jourdain Dorant fools, who, not going to give up his old debts, takes it again, telling that
in the morning he talked about Mr. Jourdain in the “royal bedchamber.” “Many would gladly lend to me, but you are my best friend, and I was afraid to offend you if I asked someone else,” the count states, doing Mr. Jourdin’s business in his house, taking care of the owner of the Marquis Dorimena and even using the services of a notary paid by Jourdain to formalize his marriage with her.
The crown of all is the unsurpassed comic scene of Jourdain’s dedication to “mamamushi”, so that the future father-in-law should be worthy of the son of the Turkish sultan in whom Cleonte disguised himself – a scene with dances, masquerade, gibberish translation from “Turkish” and even beating sticks on the back.
Of course, trying to become a nobleman at any price, Jourdain pursues a noble goal: he thinks about the future of his daughter and wants her to live better than he: “I have enough for my daughter, there is only enough honor, I just want that she was a marquise. ” In addition, Mr. Jourdain sincerely equates nobility with honor, dignity, intelligence, high culture.
Having not yet learned to distinguish between the ostentatious and the real, “remove the husks,” he accepts the adventurer Count Dorant for an honest man who, with the exception of title and good manners, has undoubted merits, and repels his beloved daughter Cleonte: “You are not a noble, my daughter you will not get “. But it is in the mouth of Cleonte that Moliere puts the idea of his immortal comedy: “To be ashamed of those from whom heaven has judged you to be born, to shine in society with a fictitious title, to impersonate not for what is in fact, is, in my opinion, a sign of spiritual baseness. “
Reading this work of Moliere, once again you are convinced that it is not the place that colors the person, but the person – the place. These wise words are especially relevant now, when people who do not represent anything, seek to get a high position, title, power. The main thing is not in a title, not in a position, not in a suit – the main thing in the person. Honor and dignity, intelligence and high morality are inherent in the individual and are not a privilege of any one class.