What do we know about the writer E. Hemingway? He is a man of extraordinary abilities, since he has not only interesting works, but also life. The catastrophic times of the First World War, revolutions, coups left signs of catastrophic life on Hemingway’s life. Participation in the war on the side of the Italian army, a military correspondent, a boxer, a bullfighter, a drunkard? Of course not. The desire to be on the border all the time, beyond which there is death, can be explained by the desire to create a real one hundred percent world in his works so that he enters the reader’s consciousness and remains as an inseparable link of his own experiences. His works are imbued with a motive of pessimism, extreme distress; the hero is in an atmosphere of suffering, torment, an inner emptiness that hides under external cynicism, indifference. The blood and suffering of the First World War gave birth to people without feelings, people whose eyes killed friends and relatives; people
who were looked after by girls, sisters of mercy, and perceived them not as a husband, but as a set of wounds, dirt and disappointment. The theme of the “lost generation” acquired the leading significance in the works of Hemingway. Its representatives are amazed by cold cynicism, thick-skinnedness, and in fact it is the inability of the date to give advice in a life that has lost all values, even faith.
This is how Frederic Henry appears to the creation “Farewell to Arms!”. At first glance, he may be interested only in drinking, prostitutes and war, but this she forced him to pull the mask of indifference onto his face, pouring this person with poisonous breath. And only a painful feeling for Katherine is an open wound, only it gives him the opportunity to recognize himself as a man, and not as an instrument in the hands of others in this war for the sake of money, and not for the sake of nobility and romance. Jake Warqoe, a man who went through the war and experienced injuries not so much physical as psychic. He wants to live, he loves life, but it turned into fragments for him, a weak
desire to understand how to live, find some kind of armor, through which one could not penetrate into his heart? He loves Brett, who, too, during the war has experienced no less than a spiritual drama,
I think this is a deviation, it’s not normal when a man and a woman start loving each other in war, in a hospital; when he is all pain and suffering, the feeling also turns into pain and suffering, which you always want to calm down. Bret can not be true, Jake does not have the strength and the desire even to come into indignation is helplessness, this inability to live in normal conditions. They were puppets in the war, they were thrown out like nothing, but no one realized that they had a soul in them. It’s hard for a person to resist fate, a life that, like the elements, boils, throws people anywhere, and it only seems to us that our destiny is in our hands. Old Santiago in the story “The Old Man and the Sea” – is a man alone with the elements, with the ocean – lives. He is the personification of faith, which can be a council in the elements, which is a beacon, which should be guided by him in the sea, and not at the arrogance, ambition, money. The element was not good for Santiago, but the skeleton of that fish, which remained after his return, was the skeleton of his faith in himself, in that he surpassed himself, carried out the impossible. It’s not about the impotence of a person or about her fabulous insuperability, but about the fact that faith is the meaning of everything and that it will not become a cod in the raging waves of life.
So, Hemingway’s works are full of tragedy, which overflows the writer’s world. The atmosphere of despair and helplessness affects the consciousness that affects us. But I think Hemingway is not a guide to pessimism, but a person who completely reflects reality, very successfully conveying the atmosphere of the dispositions of the spirit, experiences. Maybe we should see in his works behind tragic figures and events a hint of the future, for eternity, fortunately?