Russian national character composition

“Enchanted Wanderer” – one of the artistic tops of creativity NS Leskov. The main advantage of the story is that it, in the person of Ivan Severyanich Fliagin, illuminates the Russian national character. And does not leave aside the light or dark side. Therefore, the story is different in capacity, depth, sincerity and truth in describing life.

The writer in small episodes connected only by the main character reveals to us the image of Ivan Severyanich deeper and deeper, leading to a logical conclusion, when we can safely say that the image of the main character is a complete and truthful embodiment of the character of the Russian person. Ivan – the personification of the people.

The life of Fliagin began unusually: he was a “prayer son”. This fact seems to impose a certain stamp on his fate and predetermines his intention to go to the monastery. He himself views his life as a series of attempts to avoid this destination, as a struggle

with destiny. It is this constant struggle that develops his physical and spiritual strength, awakens the moral consciousness in him and finally turns him into a hero, the second Ilya of Murom.

Childhood and youth, held in the feudal estate, do not pass for Ivan without a trace. It develops reckless and soulless cruelty. He kills the whip of a monk with a blow, which he easily gets away with. Then he chop off the tail to the count’s cat. It is interesting that when he is punished, he easily flogs, but the order of “pebbles to beat” leads him to attempt suicide. Calm attitude towards flogging is the result of centuries-old slavish upbringing. In serfs, a sense of human dignity was suppressed. But the suicide attempt is already a form of protest, even passive. The author seeks to show that huge inner potential that rests in a person from the people. This is true not only with respect to a specific case, but with respect to the whole fate of the “enchanted wanderer.”

By the way, the fate of Flyagin makes sharp turns solely due to the nature of his character. He is not an ideal at

all, but a living person who equally has both advantages and disadvantages. His character is unpredictable, impulsive. He acts, only guided by emotions, impulses, but not by reason. That’s why his fate makes such a sharp twist. How can one explain, for example, his reluctance to give the child to his mother, references to a sense of duty, and then his sudden escape along with that same mother, child and repairman? Only emotions, the Russian soul, passionate and addicted, and sometimes infantile-naive. The Russian character is not inherent in rationalism, the propensity for long reasoning.

There are many more examples of emotional behavior from the life of Ivan Flyagin. He tolerates ten years of Tatar captivity only because he rushed to bargain for the horse he liked, knowing in advance that she would never get him. He throws out five thousand state money under the feet of the gypsy girl Grushe, struck by her beauty.

For Leskov, the breadth of nature is a positive quality. They have outstanding personalities, extraordinary, capable of even risking their lives for the sake of a person in trouble. This is Ivan Flyagin, which means that such is the Russian person. All life Fljagina – struggle, walking on the verge of life and death. He risks life and freedom for the sake of a horse, which (he knows) will never belong to him. He goes into recruits for an absolutely unfamiliar person. He constantly conducts the game with death, but, nevertheless, he always remains alive, representing the firmness and invincibility of the Russian people.

There is also Ivan Severyanich another characteristic feature: he is an artist. The artist is not at all because he played a trait in the booth. He is an artist in life, in his work. He is talented, even genius in terms of horses. He invests his soul in communication with these animals. He not only understands them, he also sees their beauty. And the most surprising thing is that he is able to convey this beauty subtly and tremblingly. It has a strong aesthetic sense, love of beauty. This love fully manifested itself in the pure relations of Ivan with Grusha.

It is terrible that all these wonderful and amazing qualities of the Russian national character often can not find a way out in a situation of complete lack of freedom. This turned into anguish, despair, which was drowned in wine. You can write legends about Russian drunkenness. Fliagin passes through this test too, showing that a powerful man, a hero, can lose all power over himself. However, he managed to overcome this fatal passion. Thus, the “enchanted wanderer” symbolizes the potential force that is slumbering in the Russian people. True, this power awakens only in difficult moments for the Fatherland.

The whole life path of Ivan Severyanich Flyagin appears before us as a process of educating his soul, moral growth and even gaining a sense of responsibility for the fate of Russia. So the Russian man always has opportunities for spiritual growth. Despite very many shortcomings, there are undoubted, clearly expressed dignities in the Russian character. Often the character is built on contrasts: a Russian peasant may be cruel to one and merciful to others; passionate with a woman whom he does not love, and gentle, chaste with the one he loves; sometimes he dared to despair, and sometimes he was indecisive; sometimes exhibits a surprisingly subtle aesthetic sense, and sometimes does not see anything around him. He is always guided by feelings and never by reason. In a word, the Russian character, although contradictory, is still more integral. It is harmonious in its contrasts and contradictions.

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Russian national character composition