Russian Futurism

Russian futurism in literature appeared in the early twentieth century, namely in 1912. This time coincided with the socio-political situation favorable for its development in the country. As it should be, critics and high society did not perceive the futurists, but the common people treated them with respect and love. Often, when the first writers of this trend recited their own works, the listeners did not cause anything other than the usual perplexity.

Russian futurism in literature at the dawn of its history was significantly different from that in other countries. Foreign writers were too radical and sharp. As for the Russian authors themselves, some kindness, gentleness, sometimes even sincerity were seen in their works, and there was also no clearly expressed aggression against the authorities and the established political order. They tried to express themselves in a satirical vein. That is why the first Russian Futurists could not be called idealists of their direction,

but their role in world literature does not decrease from this.

Representatives of Futurism in Russian literature owe much to their Italian colleagues. The fact is that to St. Petersburg various innovations in any art came with some delays. If the first examples of futurism came to Russia a decade earlier, then this direction would simply not exist in the country, since the absence of a crisis in culture and sociology did not imply a riot and anarchy in verse and prose.

In general, futurism in Russian literature was discovered by Khlebnikov. Initially, he was a symbolist, but he could only imitate this direction. In many respects this happened because his principles differed quite widely from the generally accepted ones: they were free, unconnected ordinary poetic canons. Thanks to this thinking, he turned out to be an ideal futurist – the founder of Russian verse rebellion, anarchy and denial of cultural traditions. It is impossible not to note the real genius of this literary trend – Mayakovsky. However, his later appearance was due to the fact that critics began to treat the futurists relentlessly.

And also many publishers have not abandoned the large-scale printing of such authors, so it was much easier for him to develop his talents.

Russian futurism in literature was not limited to writing. Many poets were good at drawing, because avant-garde painting was closely associated with poetry, and futurist artists wrote prose and poetry. In addition, it should be noted that this trend in art broke into everyday life. In fact, every futurist departed from the usual restrained style in clothes, his image was so incomprehensible to the then bourgeoisie that she refused to soberly criticize the works. That is, figuratively speaking, the poems were not perceived only because they were told by the author in yellow trousers. Critics could with relative calm take a sneer at any classic, but they did not want to see another color or cut trousers.

Perceive Russian futurism in literature as an independent art style will not work, since so called all avant-garde directions in the country, even those that did not correspond to it at all. In addition, it should be added that over time, more adequate estimates of works began to appear. And in the end the talent of the Futurists was recognized.

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Russian Futurism