Why did you, Spain,
look to the sky,
When Garcia Lorca was
led to be shot?
August 19, 1936, eight kilometers from Granada, was shot by the great Spanish poet Federico García Lorca. The boundaries of his life – as short as Pushkin’s – were marked by the dates of national catastrophes: 1898-1936. “My childhood is a village and a field, shepherds, the sky, a solitude,” the poet said, and his whole life is covered with the gleam of childhood. His name began to sound in 1922, when a festival of Andalusian folk song was held in Granada, the cante jondo. And Lorca created the wandering university theater “Balagan”.
Lorca did not belong to any of the political parties. He said about his convictions: “Love
The first thing that the Spanish fascists did when they came to power – they began to destroy the intelligentsia, because they were afraid of those who could “harm” the regime with a word. “The death of the intelligentsia!” This was the slogan of the Franco-Spanish fascists. They
In the books of Lorca in the 1920s – “Poem about Kante Hondo” and “Songs”, his own, unique voice was already heard. In the life of Lorca music came in as a child: in the family all sang. Andalusian song culture is one of the oldest in Europe.
For great poets, whether Lope de Vega, Machado or Lorca, folk poetry was not a “naive” art, but a high and unattainable example. “Is not it a miracle,” Lorca said, “that an unknown folk poet in three or four lines holds all the wealth of the higher ups of the human soul?” Lorca managed to revive and transform the ancient, primordially Spanish genre – romance.
So the sunset is crying for the dawn,
So the arrow is crying without a goal,
So the glowing sand is crying
About the cool beauty of the camellias.
Lorca’s poetic world is distinguished by deep inner drama, it is no coincidence that, apart from the lyrics, he also wrote highly controversial plays.
“The most sad joy is to be a poet, everything else does not count, even death,” Lorca said. He seemed to foresee his fate. The profession of the poet brought him death. “Garcia Lorca was killed not because they did not know who he was, but for the fact that it was HE… He was killed by fascism,” wrote another poet, Cuban Nicholas Guillen.