“Freedom is an objective possibility of choice” – this definition of this concept I found in the encyclopedia. I, however, with this definition would argue. After all, often a person has an objective opportunity to choose, but something “subjectively” keeps him. What kind of freedom is this, when censorship sits inside the person himself?
For me personally, freedom is not a social concept, but a feeling. It brings joy and literally it gives wings. It seems that you are able to roll mountains. Maybe this feeling is just an illusion, but it’s not for nothing that they say: “This sweet word is freedom.”
As for the freedom of human behavior in society, it is relative. After all, there is no absolute freedom, otherwise people with
Therefore, in society, a person has certain freedoms, but also certain prohibitions. And what sort of society they define themselves and prescribe in their laws. In democratic countries there is a good saying: “I am free to wave my arms as long as I want, but this freedom ends where the nose of another person begins.” A person has natural freedoms that are spelled out in the Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms, and laws “clarify” these rights. For example, we are free to move where we want, but you can not violate private property. We are free to live where we want, but first we need to get a visa and so on.
Freedom is a value for every person, but they often refuse it. For example, political prisoners are able to go to prison, that is, to lose their freedom, in exchange for the opportunity to openly express their views, that is, for freedom of another kind. And other people refuse to express themselves openly, because they are afraid for their safety.
Although we all love freedom, not every person seeks it. The reason is simple: people are afraid
Still people are afraid of freedom, because it forces to choose. And many of those whom I know do not know how to choose. They need someone to lead them, determine how to live them, how to dress, what music to listen and what to think. “Freedom is the weight of a daily choice” – these words belong to the Frenchman Sartre. And not every person assumes such a burden. But it’s worth it, as I personally think.
The image of Chichikov in Gogol’s poem “Dead Souls”
The great Russian writer, playwright Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol has created a truly brilliant work, and, despite the fact that more than one hundred and seventy years have passed, to this day remaining relevant in some of the affected problems of society. This work is “Dead Souls”, which tells how the human experience, feelings and qualities of the people are gradually dying. The protagonist is Chichikov Pavel Ivanovich, a nobleman who buys dead souls in various country estates. Chichikov is presented to us by the author as a completely neutral character. The usual average resident of the country, without any distinctive features as in appearance, is “not handsome, but also not of bad appearance, neither too thick nor too thin, it can not be said that he is old, yet not so that he is too young” – and in character.
He is not in a hurry to disclose the cards, show his nature, character. He can adjust to each, find a common language, negotiate, show himself on the side with which it is more profitable. In conversation with each of the landlords, you can trace such traits as sycophancy, sneakiness. Pavel Ivanovich can easily afford to rotate such an impure business – to buy up dead souls. And even in spite of some positive features: ingenuity, cunning, purposefulness and, undoubtedly, an uncommon mind, since he could come up with such a thing, one can not forget about the traits of a man who lost his humanity, who placed first only money.
In no way can one catch in his actions his feelings, thoughts, state of mind. Or maybe the soul is just “dead”, like the landowners described? Perhaps there is something else in it that is human. Not for nothing, after all, you could sometimes notice a thoughtful look, which, perhaps, even expressed some puzzlement with your own business and repentance.
In any case, Chichikov is not a positive character in any of the meanings. Through him, only the idea of how often wealth kills people in souls is transmitted.